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Журнал "Овощи России" №1 2011

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СОДЕРЖАНИЕ
ИНФОРМАЦИОННЫЕ СООБЩЕНИЯ Пивоваров В.Ф., Гуркина Л.К., Тареева М.М. ВИВАТ! ПОЗДРАВЛЯЕМ! ГОРДИМСЯ! . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4 РОССЕЛЬХОЗАКАДЕМИЯ Савченко И.В., Медведев А.М. ГОДИЧНОЕ СОБРАНИЕ В РОССЕЛЬХОЗАКАДЕМИИ, ФЕВРАЛЬ, 2011 ГОД . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7 КОНФЕРЕНЦИИ, СИМПОЗИУМЫ Гинс М.С., Гинс В.К., Байков А.А. ОСНОВНЫЕ НАПРАВЛЕНИЯ ФИЗИОЛОГО БИОХИМИЧЕСКИХ ИССЛЕДОВАНИЙ ОВОЩНЫХ И ПЛОДОВО ЯГОДНЫХ КУЛЬТУР С ПОВЫШЕННЫМ СОДЕРЖАНИЕМ АНТИОКСИДАНТОВ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12 ТЕОРИЯ И ПРАКТИКА ОТЕЧЕСТВЕННОЙ СЕЛЕКЦИИ И СЕМЕНОВОДСТВА ОВОЩНЫХ КУЛЬТУР Пивоваров В.Ф., Пышная О.Н., Гуркина Л.К. СОСТОЯНИЕ И ПЕРСПЕКТИВЫ РАЗВИТИЯ СЕЛЕКЦИИ И СЕМЕНОВОДСТВА ОВОЩЕБАХЧЕВЫХ КУЛЬТУР В РОССИИ . . . . . . . . .16 СОВРЕМЕННЫЕ НАПРАВЛЕНИЯ СЕЛЕКЦИИ ОВОЩНЫХ КУЛЬТУР Шмыкова Н.А., Шумилина Д.В, Кушнерёва В.П., Химич Г.А. ИНДУКЦИЯ ГИНОГЕНЕЗА В КУЛЬТУРЕ НЕОПЫЛЕННЫХ СЕМЯПОЧЕК ТЫКВЫ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .28 Балашова И.Т., Греков И.М., Пронина Е.П. ПРЕБРИДИНГОВЫЕ ИССЛЕДОВАНИЯ БОБОВ ОВОЩНЫХ – VICIA FABA L. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .32 ИНТРОДУКЦИЯ ОВОЩНЫХ РАСТЕНИЙ Елисеев А.Ф., Елисеева О.В., Середин Т.М. ОСОБЕННОСТИ ФОРМИРОВАНИЯ УРОЖАЯ У РЕДЬКИ ЛИСТОВОЙ ПРИ РАЗНОЙ ГУСТОТЕ СТОЯНИЯ РАСТЕНИЙ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .36 СОРТА И ГИБРИДЫ ОВОЩНЫХ И ЦВЕТОЧНЫХ КУЛЬТУР Коротцева И.Б. НОВЫЕ СОРТА ОГУРЦА ДЛЯ ОТКРЫТОГО ГРУНТА: КУСТОВОЙ ОГУРЕЦ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .40 СЕМЕНОВОДСТВО ОВОЩНЫХ КУЛЬТУР Велижанов Н.М. ВЛИЯНИЕ РЕГУЛЯТОРОВ РОСТА НА ПРОДУКТИВНОСТЬР ОДИТЕЛЬСКИХ ЛИНИЙ КАПУСТЫ БЕЛОКОЧАННОЙ ПОЗДНЕЙ ГРУППЫ СПЕЛОСТИ В БЕСПЕРЕСАДОЧНОЙ КУЛЬТУРЕ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .42 Мусаев Ф.Б. АДАПТИВНОЕ СЕМЕНОВОДСТВО – СОВРЕМЕННЫЙ ПОДХОД . . . . . . .44 ФИЗИОЛОГИЯ И БИОХИМИЯ РАСТЕНИЙ Козарь Е.Г. БИОЛОГИЧЕСКАЯ АКТИВНОСТЬ ВТОРИЧНЫХ МЕТАБОЛИТОВ РАСТЕНИЙ СЕМЕЙСТВА BRASSICACEAE . . . . . . . . . . .46 Гаплаев М.Ш. ВЛИЯНИЕ ФИЗИОЛОГИЧЕСКИ АКТИВНЫХ ВЕЩЕСТВ НА ПРОДУКТИВНОСТЬ И КАЧЕСТВО КОРНЕПЛОДОВ МОРКОВИ . . . . . . . .54 ЗАЩИТА РАСТЕНИЙ Павлова О.И. УДАЛЕННАЯ ДИАГНОСТИКА АГРОЭКОСИСТЕМ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .59 СТАНДАРТЫ НА ОВОЩНУЮ ПРОДУКЦИЮ Павлов Л.В., Кондратьева И.Ю., Параскова О.Т., Коринец В.В., Санникова Т.А., Мачулкина В.А. ЦУКАТЫ ИЗ КАБАЧКОВ. ПРОМЫШЛЕННОЕ СЫРЬЕ. ТЕХНИЧЕСКИЕ УСЛОВИЯ. (НОВЫЙ ОБЪЕКТ СТАНДАРТИЗАЦИИ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .60 ЮБИЛЕЙНЫЕ ДАТЫ Велижанов Н.М. «СТАРЕЙШИНА ДАГЕСТАНА»: ДАГЕСТАНСКОЙ СЕЛЕКЦИОННОЙ ОПЫТНОЙ СТАНЦИИ ВИНОГРАДАРСТВА И ОВОЩЕВОДСТВА – 85 ЛЕТ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .62 ЧЕЛОВЕЧЕСКИЙ ФАКТОР – РОЛЬ ЛИЧНОСТИ В ИСТОРИИ Пивоваров В.Ф., Кононков П.Ф., Левко Г.Д., Кан Л.Ю. МУЖЕСТВЕННАЯ АВИАТРИСА СО СВЕТЛОЙ ЛЮБОВЬЮ К ПРЕКРАСНОМУ – ИРИНА ВИКТОРОВНА ДРЯГИНА. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .64
научно практический журнал
CONTENTS
ANNOUNCEMENTS Pivovarov V.F., Gurkina L.K., Tareeva M.M. WE SAY VIVA. WE CONGRATULATE. WE ARE PROUD OF HIM . . . . . . . . . . . .4 RUSSIAN ACADEMY OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE Savchenko I.V., Medvedev A.M. ANNUAL MEETING IN RUSSIAN ACADEMY OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE, FEBRUARY, 2011 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7
CONFERENCES, SYMPOSIUMS Gins M.S., Gins V.K., Bayikov A.A. PRINCIPAL RESEARCH ON PHYSIOLOGY AND BIOCHEMISTRY OF VEGETABLES, FRUIT AND BERRIES CROPS WITH IMPROVED ANTIOXIDANTS CONTENT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12
THEORY AND PRACTICE IN THE DOMESTIC VEGETABLE CROP BREEDING AND SEED PRODUCTION IMPROVEMENT Pivovarov V.F., Pyshnaya O.N., Gurkina L.K. CURRENT SITUATION AND PROSPECTS OF DEVELOPMENT OF VEGETA BLES, MELONS AND PUMPKIN BREEDING AND SEED PRODUCTION . . . .16 THE ADVANCED PRINCIPALS FOR RESEARCH IN VEGETABLE CROP BREEDING Shmykova N.A., Shumilina D.V., Kushnereva V.P., Khimich G.A. GYNOGENESIS INDUCTION IN CULTURE OF UNPOLLINATED OVULES OF PUMPKIN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .28 Balashova I.T., Grekov I.M., Pronina E.P. PRE BREEDING RESEARCH ON BROAD BEAN (VICIA FABA L.) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .32 THE INTRODUCTION OF NEW VEGETABLE PLANTS Eliseev A.F., Eliseeva O.V., Seredin T.M. FEATURES OF FOLIAGE HARVEST OF LEAFY RADISH DEPENDING ON DENSITY OF PLANTS GROWN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .36 CULTIVARS AND HYBRIDS OF VEGETABLES AND FLOWERS Korotseva I.B. NEW CULTIVARS OF CUCUMBER FOR OPEN FIELD CONDITIONS. BUSH TYPE CUCUMBER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .40 SEED PRODUCTION OF VEGETABLE CROPS Velizhanov N.M. INFLUENCE OF GROWTH REGULATORS ON YIELDING CAPACITY OF WHITE HEAD CABBAGE PARENTAL LINES OF LATE MATURITY GROUP IN NON TRANSPLANTED PLANT CULTIVATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .42 Musaev F.B. ADAPTIVE SEED PRODUCTION ADVANCED APPROACH . . . . . . . . . . . . . .44 PLANT PHYSIOLOGY AND BIOCHEMISTRY Kozar E.G. BIOLOGICAL ACTIVITY OF SECONDARY METABOLITE IN PLANTS OF BRASSICACEAE FAMILY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .46 Gaplaev M.S. THE EFFECT THE BIOLOGICALLY ACTIVE SUBSTANCES ON YIELD CHARACTERISTICS AND QUALITY OF CARROT ROOTS . . . . . . . .54 PLANT PROTECTION Pavlova O.I. REMOVED CONTROL OF AGRICULTURAL ECOSYSTEMS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .59 STANDARDS FOR VEGETABLE CROPS Pavlov L.V., Kondratieva I.U., Paraskova O.T., Korinets V.V., Sannikova T.A., Machulkina V.A. PRODUCTION OF CANDIED VEGETABLE MARROW. INDUSTRIAL RAW MATE RIAL. TECHNICAL CONDITIONS. NEW OBJECT FOR STANDARDIZATION .60 JUBILEES Velizhanov N.M. «THE ONE OF THE OLDEST ONES IN DAGESTAN» EXPERIMENTAL BREEDING STATION HAS CROSSED 85 YEARS SINCE IT WAS ESTABLISHED . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .62 PERSONALITY TRACES IN HISTORY Pivovarov V.F., Kononkov P.F., Levko G.D., Kan L.U. FEARLESS WOMAN PILOT WITH FAIR LOVE TO A BEAUTY I.V. DRYAGINA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .64
овощи россии № 1 (10) 2011
[ 1 ]
Научно практический журнал № 1 (10) 2011 Издаётся с декабря 2008 г.
Журнал предназначен для ученых и практиков овощеводства, селекционеров, семеноводов и овощеводов любителей
VEGETABLE CROPS OF RUSSIA The journal of science and practical applications in agriculture № 1 (10) 2011
Published since 2008 The journal is recommended for scientists and practicable offers, farmers, plant breeders, amateurs in agriculture and vegetable growing. The journal founder & publisher: The State Scientific Institution All Russian Research Institute of Vegetable Breeding and Seed Production of Russian Academy of Agricultural Science (RAAS) Editor in Chief Pivovarov V.F. Academician of RAAS, a director of All Russian Research Institute of Vegetable Breeding and Seed Production Editorial Board A.A. Zhuchenko, Academician, Russian Academy of Science (RAAS), Russian Academy of Science (RAS) I.V. Savchenko, Academician, Russian Academy of Science (RAAS), a vice president of plant growing department A.F. Agafonov, PhD, agriculture A.M. Artemeva, Principal Scientist, PhD, biology I.T. Balashova, Principal Scientist, PhD, biology N.I. Bocharnikova, Principal Scientist, PhD, agriculture V.I. Burenin, Principal Scientist, PhD, agriculture M.S. Gins, Principal Scientist, PhD, biology V.K. Gins, Principal Scientist, PhD, biology N.A. Golubkina, Principal Scientist, PhD, biology L.K. Gurkina, PhD, agriculture H.G. Dobrutskaya, Principal Scientist, PhD, agriculture A.S. Domblides, PhD, agriculture N.I. Zhukov, PhD, economy A.N. Ignatov, Principal Scientist, PhD, biology L.U. Kan, PhD, agriculture P.F. Kononkov, Principal Scientist, PhD, agriculture V.P. Kushnereva, PhD, agriculture G.D. Levko, Principal Scientist, PhD, agriculture M.I. Mamedov, Principal Scientist, PhD, agriculture A.S. Merzlikin, Principal Scientist, PhD, agriculture, economy F.B. Musaev, PhD, agriculture S.M. Nadezhkin, Principal Scientist, PhD, biology V.P. Nikulshin, PhD, agriculture L.V. Pavlov, Principal Scientist, PhD, agriculture A.P. Primak, Principal Scientist, PhD, biology O.N. Pyshnaya, Principal Scientist, PhD, agriculture E.P. Pronina, PhD, agriculture S.M. Sirota, Principal Scientist, PhD, agriculture V.I. Startsev, Principal Scientist, PhD, agriculture T.P. Suprunova, PhD, agriculture N.I. Timin, Principal Scientist, PhD, agriculture A.A. Ushakov, PhD, agriculture V.A. Kharchenko, PhD, agriculture A.N. Chuprov, Principal Scientist, PhD, economics N.A. Shmikova, Principal Scientist, PhD, agriculture D.V. Shumilina, PhD, agriculture Responsible Scientific Editor M.M. Tareeva, PhD, agriculture Translation A.S. Domblides, PhD, agriculture V.U. Muhortov, PhD, agriculture T.P. Suprunova, PhD, agriculture Photographing A.P. Lebedev Designer K.V. Yansitov (Original model and imposition) –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– Address of the publishing office: All Russian Research Institute of Vegetable Breeding and Seed Production (VNIISSOK), Selektsionnaya St., 14, VNIISSOK, Odintsovo region, Moscow district, 143080 Russia, Editorial and Publishing Unit E mail: vegetables.of.russia@yandex.ru; vniissok@mail.ru http://www.vniissok.ru Tel. +7(495)599 24 42, +7 (498) 303 19 67 (add.202) Recopying materials require reference to the journal to be made. Publishing staff do not bear the responsibility for information included in advertisements. Publisher reserves the right to make alterations in manuscripts in case of lack of correspondence with the issue subject and technical requirements –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– This issue is registered in Federal Service for Supervision of Media and Mass Communications of RF. The license ПИ №ФС77 33218 of the 19th September 2008 Circulation is 1500 copies Учредитель и издатель журнала: Государственное научное учреждение Всероссийский научно исследовательский институт селекции и семеноводства овощных культур Российской академии сельскохозяйственных наук (ГНУ ВНИИССОК Россельхозакадемии) Главный редактор В.Ф. Пивоваров – академик Россельхозакадемии, директор ГНУ ВНИИССОК Россельхозакадемии Редакционный совет А.А. Жученко – академик РАН И.В. Савченко – академик Россельхозакадемии, вице президент Отделения растениеводства А.Ф. Агафонов – кандидат с. х. наук, ГНУ ВНИИССОК Россельхозакадемии А.М. Артемьева – доктор биол. наук, ГНУ ВИР Россельхозакадемии И.Т. Балашова – доктор биол. наук, ГНУ ВНИИССОК Россельхозакадемии Н.И. Бочарникова – доктор с. х. наук, Отделение растениеводства Россельхозакадемии В.И. Буренин – доктор с. х. наук, ГНУ ВИР Россельхозакадемии М.С. Гинс – доктор биол. наук, ГНУ ВНИИССОК Россельхозакадемии В.К. Гинс – доктор биол. наук, ГНУ ВНИИССОК Россельхозакадемии Н.А. Голубкина – доктор биол. наук, ГНУ ВНИИССОК Россельхозакадемии Л.К. Гуркина – кандидат с. х. наук, ГНУ ВНИИССОК Россельхозакадемии Е.Г. Добруцкая – доктор с. х. наук, ГНУ ВНИИССОК Россельхозакадемии А.С. Домблидес – кандидат с. х. наук, ГНУ ВНИИССОК Россельхозакадемии Н.И. Жуков – доктор эконом. наук, Московский НИИСХ "Немчиновка" А.Н. Игнатов – доктор биол. наук, Центр "Биоинженерия" РАН Л.Ю. Кан – кандидат с. х. наук, ГНУ ВНИИССОК Россельхозакадемии П.Ф. Кононков – доктор с. х. наук, ГНУ ВНИИССОК Россельхозакадемии В.П. Кушнерева – кандидат с. х. наук, ГНУ ВНИИССОК Россельхозакадемии Г.Д. Левко – кандидат с. х. наук, ГНУ ВНИИССОК Россельхозакадемии М.И. Мамедов – доктор с. х. наук, ГНУ ВНИИССОК Россельхозакадемии А.С. Мерзликин – доктор с. х. наук, кандидат экон. наук, Московский НИИСХ «Немчиновка» Ф.Б. Мусаев – кандидат с. х. наук, ГНУ ВНИИССОК Россельхозакадемии С.М. Надежкин – доктор биол. наук, ГНУ ВНИИССОК Россельхозакадемии В.П. Никульшин – кандидат с. х. наук, ГНУ ВНИИССОК Россельхозакадемии Л.В. Павлов – доктор с. х. наук, ГНУ ВНИИССОК Россельхозакадемии О.Н. Пышная – доктор с. х. наук, ГНУ ВНИИССОК Россельхозакадемии А.П. Примак – доктор биол. наук, ГНУ ВНИИССОК Россельхозакадемии Е.П. Пронина – кандидат с. х. наук, ГНУ ВНИИССОК Россельхозакадемии С.М. Сирота – доктор с. х. наук, ГНУ ВНИИССОК Россельхозакадемии В.И. Старцев – доктор с. х. наук, ГНУ ВНИИССОК Россельхозакадемии Т.П. Супрунова – кандидат с. х. наук, ГНУ ВНИИССОК Россельхозакадемии Н.И. Тимин – доктор с. х. наук, ГНУ ВНИИССОК Россельхозакадемии А.А. Ушаков – кандидат с. х. наук, ГНУ ВНИИССОК Россельхозакадемии В.А. Харченко – кандидат с. х. наук, ГНУ ВНИИССОК Россельхозакадемии Ю.В. Чесноков – доктор биол. наук, ГНУ ВИР Россельхозакадемии А.Н. Чупров – доктор эконом. наук, ГНУ ВНИИССОК Россельхозакадемии Н.А. Шмыкова – доктор с. х. наук, ГНУ ВНИИССОК Россельхозакадемии Д.В. Шумилина – кандидат с. х. наук, ГНУ ВНИИССОК Россельхозакадемии Ответственный редактор М.М. Тареева – кандидат с. х. наук, ГНУ ВНИИССОК Россельхозакадемии Перевод на английский язык А.С. Домблидес – кандидат с. х. наук, ГНУ ВНИИССОК Россельхозакадемии В.Ю. Мухортов – кандидат с. х. наук, ГНУ ВНИИССОК Россельхозакадемии Т.П. Супрунова – кандидат с. х. наук, ГНУ ВНИИССОК Россельхозакадемии Фото А.П. Лебедев Дизайн и верстка К.В. Янситов –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– Адрес редакции: 143080, Московская область, Одинцовский район, п/о Лесной городок, пос. ВНИИССОК, ул. Селекционная, д. 14, Издательство ВНИИССОК E mail: vegetables.of.russia@yandex.ru; vniissok@mail.ru http://www.vniissok.ru Тел: +7(495)599 24 42, +7(498)303 19 67 (доб.202) Факс: +7(495) 599 22 77 Подписной индекс в объединенном каталоге «Пресса России» 13168 При перепечатке материалов ссылка на журнал обязательна. Редакция журнала не несет ответственность за информацию, содержащуюся в рекламе. Редакция оставляет за собой право вносить изменения в предоставленные материалы в случае их несоответствия техническим требованиям и некорректной смысловой нагрузки. Точка зрения авторов может не совпадать с точкой зрения редакции. –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– Издание зарегистрировано в Федеральной службе по надзору в сфере связи и массовых коммуникаций. Свидетельство ПИ №ФС77 33218 от 19 сентября 2008 г. Тираж 1500 экземпляров. Подписано в печать 06.05.2011 Отпечатано в ООО «Агентство «МедиаМикс» 109202, г. Москва, Рязанский проспект, дом 33 Тел.: +7 (495) 66 505 44, www.mdmix.ru
научно
практический
журнал
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овощи
россии
№ 1 (10) 2011
RESUMES
RUSSIAN ACADEMY OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE Savchenko I.V., Medvedev A.M. ANNUAL MEETING IN RUSSIAN ACADEMY OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE, FEBRUARY, 2011 Plant Breeding Branch of Russian Academy of Agricultural Science Krzhizhanovskiyi st. 15, cor 2 Tel: +7(495) 124 41 31 E mail: otdrasten@yandex.ru On 15 17 February the General Annual Meeting of Russian Academy of Agricultural Science was held where the result of researches for 2006 2010 had been summarized up and new research plan for 2011 was drawn up. ANNOUNCEMENTS Pivovarov V.F., Gurkina L.K., Tareeva M.M. WE SAY VIVA. WE CONGRATULATE. WE ARE PROUD OF HIM State Scientific Institution, All Russian Research Institute of Vegetable Breeding and Seed Production Russian Academy of Agricultural Science, Moscow district, Odintsovo region, P.O. Lesnoy Gorodok, VNIISSOK, Russia, 143080 Tel: +7(495) 599 24 42; fax: +7(495) 599 22 77 E mail: vniissok@mail.ru In the Ekaterina Hall, Moscow Kremlin, Dmitry Anatolyevich Medvedev pre sented 36 outstanding Russian citizens with orders, medals, and diplomas on awarding honourable titles. Our colleague head of laboratory of plant introduction and seed research, doctor of agricultural science, Peter Fedorovich Kononkov was decorated by the Order of Honour in accordance with official edict N 56 signed by Russian President on 17 January, 2011. CONFERENCES, SYMPOSIUMS Gins M.S., Gins V.K., Bayikov A.A. PRINCIPAL RESEARCH ON PHYSIOLOGY AND BIOCHEMISTRY OF VEGETABLES, FRUIT AND BERRIES CROPS WITH IMPROVED ANTIOXIDANTS CONTENT State Scientific Institution, All Russian Research Institute of Vegetable Breeding and Seed Production Russian Academy of Agricultural Science, Moscow district, Odintsovo region, P.O. Lesnoy Gorodok, VNIISSOK, Russia, 143080 Tel: +7(495) 599 24 42; fax: +7(495) 599 22 77 E mail: vniissok@mail.ru On 25th February, 2011 the jubilee international conference "The Role of Physiology and Biochemistry for Plant Introduction and Breeding of Vegetables, Fruit and Berries Crops and Medicinal Plants» was held in All Russian Research Institute of Vegetable Breeding and Seed Production at laboratory of plant physiology and seed research and that was dedicated to 130th anniversary of Prof. Zhegalov's birth; and 80 years since the laborato ry of plant physiology and seed research was organized. The major direc tions of plant physiology and biochemistry research in vegetables, fruit and berries crops that were presented by scientists from the former USSR republics and far abroad were reported in this article. Key words: physiology, biochemistry, plants THEORY AND PRACTICE IN THE DOMESTIC VEGETABLE CROP BREEDING AND SEED PRODUCTION IMPROVEMENT Pivovarov V.F., Pyshnaya O.N., Gurkina L.K. CURRENT SITUATION AND PROSPECTS OF DEVELOPMENT OF VEGETABLES, MELONS AND PUMPKIN BREEDING AND SEED PRODUCTION State Scientific Institution, All Russian Research Institute of Vegetable Breeding and Seed Production Russian Academy of Agricultural Science, Moscow district, Odintsovo region, P.O. Lesnoy Gorodok, VNIISSOK, Russia, 143080 Tel: +7(495) 599 24 42; fax: +7(495) 599 22 77 E mail: vniissok@mail.ru The main achievements of vegetable breeding research in different institu tions of Russian Federation and the priorities and prospects were highlight ed in the article. Key words: plant breeding, seed production, vegetable crops THE ADVANCED PRINCIPALS FOR RESEARCH IN VEGETABLE CROP BREEDING Shmykova N.A., Shumilina D.V., Kushnereva V.P., Khimich G.A. GYNOGENESIS INDUCTION IN CULTURE OF UNPOLLINATED OVULES OF PUMPKIN State Scientific Institution, All Russian Research Institute of Vegetable Breeding and Seed Production Russian Academy of Agricultural Science, Moscow district, Odintsovo region, P.O. Lesnoy Gorodok, VNIISSOK, Russia, 143080 Tel: +7(495) 599 24 42; fax: +7(495) 599 22 77 E mail: vniissok@mail.ru The perspective of utilization of in vitro culture of unpollinated ovules for development of dihaploid lines of pumpkin is described in the article. The ovules of five hybrids were cultivated on CBM medium. The following combi nations of growth regulators for gynogenesis induction were used: a) 0.2 mg/L of thidiazuron and 0,0001 мкМ of epibrassinolide; b) 2 mg/l of 2,4 D. The frequency of embryo development depended on cultivation medium and genotype. The maximum amount of embryos developed from unpollinated ovules of one ovary was 6 9 ones. Key words:culture of unpollinated ovules, gynogenesis, haploid plants of pumpkin Balashova I.T., Grekov I.M., Pronina E.P. PRE BREEDING RESEARCH ON BROAD BEAN (VICIA FABA L.) State Scientific Institution, All Russian Research Institute of Vegetable Breeding and Seed Production Russian Academy of Agricultural Science, Moscow district, Odintsovo region, P.O. Lesnoy Gorodok, VNIISSOK, Russia, 143080 Tel: +7(495) 599 24 42; fax: +7(495) 599 22 77 E mail: vniissok@mail.ru Pre breeding research on 20 accessions from collection of broad bean (Vicia faba L.) of All Russian Research Institute of Vegetable Breeding and Seed Production has been performed. Four traits such as height of plan, height of stem from soil surface up to lowest bean (most important characteristics for mechanized harvesting), number of seeds in the bean, and the size of seeds were taken to be studied. Four promising accessions N 9, N 27, N 33, N 15d vf18096 that have a set of three valuable characteristics, namely the high seed yield, large seeds, and great height of the stem from the soil surface up to low est bean have been selected out at previous stage of breeding program. Key words: pre breeding, broad beans, valuable traits THE INTRODUCTION OF NEW VEGETABLE PLANTS Eliseev A.F., Eliseeva O.V., Seredin T.M. FEATURES OF FOLIAGE HARVEST OF LEAFY RADISH DEPENDING ON DENSITY OF PLANTS GROWN Russian State Agricultural University Moscow Timiryazev Agricultural Academy 127550, Timiryazev st. 49, Moscow E mail: elysol@rambler.ru, tima seredin@rambler.ru Expanding the range of leafy and salad vegetables and extension of their production and consumption are indicators that can characterize the state and prosperity of the nation. The great value and indispensable of vegetables in human's diet are that they are the sources of vitamins, sugars, organic acids, mineral salts, microelements and biologically active matters which determine the taste of food and its assimilation in human's body. Key words: leafy radish, density of plants grown, yield capacity CULTIVARS AND HYBRIDS OF VEGETABLES AND FLOWERS Korotseva I.B. NEW CULTIVARS OF CUCUMBER FOR OPEN FIELD CONDITIONS. BUSH TYPE CUCUMBER State Scientific Institution, All Russian Research Institute of Vegetable Breeding and Seed Production Russian Academy of Agricultural Science, Moscow district, Odintsovo region, P.O. Lesnoy Gorodok, VNIISSOK, Russia, 143080 Tel: +7(495) 599 24 42; fax: +7(495) 599 22 77 E mail: vniissok@mail.ru The article includes the detailed description of newly developed «Korotyshka» cultivar of cucumber of bush type. Agro technical features for short climbing cultivars were also given. Key words: cucumber, cultivars of bush type, agricultural technique SEED PRODUCTION OF VEGETABLE CROPS Velizhanov N.M. INFLUENCE OF GROWTH REGULATORS ON YIELDING CAPACITY OF WHITE HEAD CABBAGE PARENTAL LINES OF LATE MATURITY GROUP IN NON TRANSPLANTED PLANT CULTIVATION State Scientific Institution, Breeding Experimental Station of Viticulture and Vegetables Vavilov st. 9, Derbent, Republic of Dagestan, 368600 The successful results of the research and efficiency of application of foliar feeding have been shown at the time of cabbage seeds raise with Gibbersib and Carbamid treatments in springtime. These treatments made the flowers and buds develop more rapidly promoting the formation of more branchy plants with numbers of seed pods. Key words: seed production, white head cabbage, growth regulators, Gibbersib, foliar feeding, Carbamid Musaev F.B. ADAPTIVE SEED PRODUCTION – ADVANCED APPROACH State Scientific Institution, All Russian Research Institute of Vegetable Breeding and Seed Production Russian Academy of Agricultural Science, Moscow district, Odintsovo region, P.O. Lesnoy Gorodok, VNIISSOK, Russia, 143080 Tel: +7(495) 599 24 42; fax: +7(495) 599 22 77 E mail: vniissok@mail.ru The actuality of research on vegetable seed production regarding requirements to seed quality depending on changes in ecological situation has been shown. Key words: adaptive seed production, environmental condition, ecological and geographical factor, generation of seeds PLANT PHYSIOLOGY AND BIOCHEMISTRY Kozar E.G. BIOLOGICAL ACTIVITY OF SECONDARY METABOLITE IN PLANTS OF BRASSICACEAE FAMILY State Scientific Institution, All Russian Research Institute of Vegetable Breeding and Seed Production Russian Academy of Agricultural Science, Moscow district, Odintsovo region, P.O. Lesnoy Gorodok, VNIISSOK, Russia, 143080 Tel: +7(495) 599 24 42; fax: +7(495) 599 22 77 E mail: vniissok@mail.ru The article briefly reviewed the features of biological actions of secondary metabolite such as Glucosinolate (Thioglycosides) and their derivates in plants of Brassicaceae taking into account the pharmacological aspect and the role of the metabolites in plant vital activity. The promising results were obtained when these plant preparations were used as nematicide on two plant species as cress and horseradish; that was in order to fight against Meloidogyne that develops under condition of protected plant cultivation. Key words:Cole crops, Glukozinolaty, biological activity, Meloidogyne, plant protection, plant preparations, nematicide Gaplaev M.S. THE EFFECT THE BIOLOGICALLY ACTIVE SUBSTANCES ON YIELD CHARACTERISTICS AND QUALITY OF CARROT ROOTS Chechen State University Sheripov st., 32, Grozny, Chechen republic, 364051 Tel.: +7(8712)21 20 04 E mail: chesu@mail.ru; mail@chesu.ru The advantages of pre sowing seed soaking in phytoregulator solu tions such as Hitofos, Phytohit, Cytohit and some foliar feeding were shown at the time of carrot plants grew. As it was revealed pre viously at Breeding Production Stations, Urus Martanovskiy region, the «Gribovchanin» carrot cultivar had a yield characteristics and quality of root that became much higher after seed and plant treat ment by physiologically active substances. Key worlds: carrot, phytohit, Khiphos, Cytohit, agrotechnique, phytoregulators, chlorophyll, technology, photosynthesis PLANT PROTECTION Pavlova O.I. REMOVED CONTROL OF AGRICULTURAL ECOSYSTEMS Research Centre «Ecoflora» Inskaya st. 39, Novosibirsk, 630102, office 103 Tel/Fax: 8 383 264 40 88; 8 913 900 39 77 E mail: ecoflora57@mail.ru The ideas for plant sanitary diagnostic using modern computer technology and internet service were discussed in this article. Digital photos, multimedia resources and FAQ website can serve the agron omist with summarized information concerning plant protection and methods for damage prevention in the area of crop cultivation. Key words: plant sanitary diagnostic, hazardous objects, plant protection STANDARDS FOR VEGETABLE CROPS Pavlov L.V., Kondratieva I.U., Paraskova O.T., Korinets V.V., Sannikova T.A., Machulkina V.A. PRODUCTION OF CANDIED VEGETABLE MARROW. INDUSTRIAL RAW MATERIAL. TECHNICAL CONDITIONS. NEW OBJECT FOR STANDARDIZATION State Scientific Institution, All Russian Research Institute of Vegetable Breeding and Seed Production Russian Academy of Agricultural Science, Moscow district, Odintsovo region, P.O. Lesnoy Gorodok, VNIISSOK, Russia, 143080 Tel: +7(495) 599 24 42; fax: +7(495) 599 22 77 E mail: vniissok@mail.ru State Scientific Institution, All Russian Research Institute of Irrigated Vegetable, Melon and Pumpkin Cultivation Lubicha st. 16, Astrakhan oblast, Kamyzyak, 416341 Tel/Fax: +7(85145)95907 E mail: vniiob@kam.astranet.ru On the base of research results on quality characteristics of can died vegetable marrow, for the first time the standard CTO 457272 25 20 has been elaborated to control the quality of vegetable pro duction and to improve the technological discipline in production of candied vegetable marrow. Key words: standard of organization, industrial raw material, technical conditions, candied fruits, vegetable marrow. JUBILEES Velizhanov N.M. «THE ONE OF THE OLDEST ONES IN DAGESTAN» EXPERIMENTAL BREEDING STATION HAS CROSSED 85 YEARS SINCE IT WAS ESTABLISHED State Scientific Institution, Experimental Breeding Station of Viticulture and Vegetables Vavilov st. 9, Derbent, Republic of Dagestan 368600 Having become one of the oldest Research Institution in Dagestan the State Institution Experimental Breeding Station of Viticulture and Vegetable Crops has already existed 85 years. This date is going to be celebrated this 2011 year. Key words: Dagestan, Experimental Station, viticulture, vegetable breeding PERSONALITY TRACES IN HISTORY Pivovarov V.F., Kononkov P.F., Levko G.D., Kan L.U. FEARLESS WOMAN PILOT WITH FAIR LOVE TO A BEAUTY I.V. Dryagina State Scientific Institution, All Russian Research Institute of Vegetable Breeding and Seed Production Russian Academy of Agricultural Science, Moscow district, Odintsovo region, P.O. Lesnoy Gorodok, VNIISSOK, Russia, 143080 Tel: +7(495) 599 24 42; fax: +7(495) 599 22 77 E mail: vniissok@mail.ru On 31st March, 90th birth and 50 years of working, scientific, pedagogical activities of renowned scientist in plant genetics, fruit tree genetics, breed ing and seed production of flowers, doctor in agriculture, head of laboratory of breeding and seed production of flowers at All Russian Research Institute of Vegetable Breeding and Seed Production (1978 1996) Irina Victorovna Dryagina is celebrating her anniversary.
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