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Журнал "Овощи России" №2 2011

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СОДЕРЖАНИЕ
СОВРЕМЕННЫЕ НАПРАВЛЕНИЯ СЕЛЕКЦИИ Пивоваров В.Ф., Гинс М.С., Гинс В.К. ЗНАЧЕНИЕ МЕЖДУНАРОДНЫХ СИМПОЗИУМОВ «НОВЫЕ И НЕТРАДИЦИОННЫЕ РАСТЕНИЯ И ПЕРСПЕКТИВЫ ИХ ИСПОЛЬЗОВАНИЯ» . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4 ТЕОРИЯ И ПРАКТИКА СЕЛЕКЦИИ ОВОЩНЫХ КУЛЬТУР Кондратенко С.И., Чернышенко Т.В., Артемьева А.М. РАЗРАБОТКА ЭЛЕМЕНТОВ МЕТОДИКИ АПОМИКТИЧЕСКОГО РАЗМНОЖЕНИЯ СЕЛЕКЦИОННО ЦЕННЫХ ОБРАЗЦОВ КАПУСТЫ КОЧАННОЙ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10 ФИЗИОЛОГИЯ И БИОХИМИЯ РАСТЕНИЙ Бухаров А.Ф., Балеев Д.Н. ФАКТОРЫ, ОПРЕДЕЛЯЮЩИЕ АЛЛЕЛОПАТИЧЕСКУЮ АКТИВНОСТЬ ОВОЩНЫХ СЕЛЬДЕРЕЙНЫХ КУЛЬТУР . . . . . . . . .14 СОВРЕМЕННЫЕ ТЕХНОЛОГИИ ВОЗДЕЛЫВАНИЯ ОВОЩНЫХ КУЛЬТУР Кошеваров А.А., Надежкин С.М., Агафонов А.Ф. СЕМЕННАЯ И ОВОЩНАЯ ПРОДУКТИВНОСТЬ ЛУКА РЕПЧАТОГО ПРИ ОПТИМИЗАЦИИ МИНЕРАЛЬНОГО ПИТАНИЯ . . . . . . . . . . . .21 ЛЕКАРСТВЕННЫЕ И ПРЯНО ВКУСОВЫЕ КУЛЬТУРЫ Земскова Ю.К., Фляженков А.В., Меркулов А.А. ОСОБЕННОСТИ СПОСОБОВ РАЗМНОЖЕНИЯ ОВОЩНЫХ КУЛЬТУР СЕМЕЙСТВА ЯСНОТКОВЫЕ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .26 Загуменников В.Б., Смирнова Е.В., Бабаева Е.Ю., Тимофеева С.В. ВЫРАЩИВАНИЕ ЭХИНАЦЕИ ПУРПУРНОЙ (ECHINACEA PURPUREA L.) ДЛЯ ПОЛУЧЕНИЯ РАЗНЫХ ВИДОВ ЛЕКАРСТВЕННОГО РАСТИТЕЛЬНОГО СЫРЬЯ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .30
CONTENTS
ADVANCED PRINCIPLES FOR BREEDING Pivovarov V.F., Gins M.S., Gins V.K. SIGNIFICANCE OF INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUMS ON «NEW AND NONTRADITIONAL PLANT CULTURES AND PROSPECTS OF THEIR USE» . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4 THEORY AND PRACTICE OF VEGETABLE CROP BREEDING Kondratenko S.I., Chernyshenko T.V., Artemieva A.M. ELABORATION OF ELEMENTS OF METHODS FOR APOMICTIC PROPAGATION OF VALUABLE ACCESSIONS OF WHITE HEAD CABBAGE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10 PLANT BIOCHEMISTRY AND PHYSIOLOGY Bukharov A.F., Baleev D.N. FACTORS DETERMINING ALLELOPATHIC ACTIVITY OF CELERY FAMILY CROPS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14 ADVANCED TECHNOLOGIES FOR CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLE CROPS Koshevarov A.A., Nadezhkin S.M., Agafonov A.F. SEED AND VEGETATIVE PRODUCTIVITY OF BULB ONION UNDER OPTIMIZATION OF MINERAL NUTRITION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .21 MEDICINAL AND AROMATIC CULTURAL PLANTS Zemskova U.K., Flyazhenkov A.V., Merkulov A.A. FEATURES OF PROPAGATION METHODS OF VEGETABLE CROPS BELONGING TO LAMIACEAE FAMILY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .26 Zagumennikov V.B., Smirnova E.V., Babaeva E.U., Timofeeva S.V. CULTIVATION OF PURPLE CONEFLOWER (ECHINACEA PURPUREA L.) FOR PRODUCTION OF DIFFERENT TYPES OF MEDICINAL PLANT RAW MATERIAL . . . .30
Морозов А.И. Morozov A.I. СОРТОВАЯ ПРОДУКТИВНОСТЬ КОРНЕВИЩ МЯТЫ ПЕРЕЧНОЙ PRODUCTIVITY OF PEPPERMINT RHIZOMES AMONG DIFFERENT ПРИ ВНЕСЕНИИ УДОБРЕНИЙ И ИЗВЕСТИ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33 VARIETIES IN CONDITION OF FERTILIZER AND LIME APPLICATION . .33 ПРОБЛЕМЫ ХРАНЕНИЯ И ПЕРЕРАБОТКИ ОВОЩНОЙ ПРОДУКЦИИ Мачулкина В.А., Санникова Т.А., Павлов Л.В. ПЕРЕРАБОТКА И ХРАНЕНИЕ ПЛОДОВ ТОМАТА ПОСЛЕ КОМБАЙНОВОЙ УБОРКИ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .36 Примак А.П., Старцев В.И., Зимина Н.К., Бондарева Л.Л., Тамкович С.К., Степанищева Н.М., Посокина Н.Е., Лялина О.Ю. ОЦЕНКА СОРТОВ И ГЕТЕРОЗИСНЫХ ГИБРИДОВ КАПУСТЫ БЕЛОКОЧАННОЙ НА ПРИГОДНОСТЬ К ПЕРЕРАБОТКЕ . . . . . . . . .40 СЕМЕНОВОДСТВО Мойсевич Н.В. ОПТИМИЗАЦИЯ ТЕХНОЛОГИЧЕСКИХ ПРИЕМОВ ВЫРАЩИВАНИЯ СЕМЯН ЛУКА РЕПЧАТОГО . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .43 ЭКОНОМИКА ОВОЩЕВОДСТВА Гаплаев М.Ш. ЭКОНОМИЧЕСКАЯ ЭФФЕКТИВНОСТЬ ВЫРАЩИВАНИЯ МОРКОВИ СТОЛОВОЙ В УСЛОВИЯХ ЦЕНТРАЛЬНОГО ПРЕДКАВКАЗЬЯ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .47 «КАНДИДАТСКИЙ КОРПУС» Павлова Н.Ф. АСПИРАНТУРА, ДОКТОРАНТУРА, СОВЕТ ПО ЗАЩИТЕ ДОКТОРСКИХ И КАНДИДАТСКИХ ДИССЕРТАЦИЙ ИНФОРМИРУЕТ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .56 ПАМЯТИ УЧЕНОГО Велижанов Н.М. ПАМЯТИ УЧИТЕЛЯ И НАСТАВНИКА КАЗАЛИ КАМАЛОВИЧА КАЗАЛИЕВА . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .58 ACTUALITIES IN POST HARVESTING VEGETABLE STORAGE AND PROCESSING Machulkina V.A., SannikovaT.A., Pavlov L.V. PROCESSING AND STORAGE OF TOMATO FRUITS AFTER COMBINE HARVESTING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .36 Primak A.P., Startsev V.I., Zimina N.K., Bondareva L.L. Tamkovich S.K., Stepanisheva N.M., Posokina N.E., Lyapina O.U. ASSESSMENT OF WHITE HEAD CABBAGE VARIETIES AND HYBRIDS FOR SUITABILITY FOR POST HARVEST PROCESSING AND HANDLING . . . .40 SEED PRODUCTION Moiysevich N.V. OPTIMIZATION OF TECHNOLOGICAL MEANS FOR BULB ONION SEED PRODUCTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .43 ECONOMICS IN VEGETABLE BREEDING Gaplaev M.S. ECONOMIC EFFICIENCY OF CARROT CULTIVATION IN CENTRAL PRE CAUCASUS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .47 POST GRADUATE PROGRAMS Pavlova N.F. POST GRADUATE AND POST DOCTORAL PROGRAMS, THESIS COMMITTEE; POST GRADUATE DEPARTMENT INFORMS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .56 TO MEMORY OF A SCIENTISTS Velizhanov N.M. TO THE MEMORY OF KAZALY KAMALOVICHA KAZALIEV, A MASTER AND A MENTOR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .58
ОВОЩНАЯ ГЕОГРАФИЯ VEGETABLES AROUND THE WORLD Пивоваров В.Ф., Примак А.П., Федорова М.И., Тареева М.М. Pivovarov V.F., Primak A.P., Fedorova M.I., Tareeva M.M. КОСМИЧЕСКИЕ ОВОЩИ ВНИИССОК . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .59 VNIISSOK'S VEGETABLES FOR THE SPACE EXPLORATION . . . . . .59
научно практический журнал
[1]
овощи россии № 1 (10) 2011
Научно практический журнал № 2 (11) 2011 Издаётся с декабря 2008 г.
Журнал предназначен для ученых и практиков овощеводства, селекционеров, семеноводов и овощеводов любителей
VEGETABLE CROPS OF RUSSIA The journal of science and practical applications in agriculture № 2 (11) 2011
Published since 2008 The journal is recommended for scientists and practicable offers, farmers, plant breeders, amateurs in agriculture and vegetable growing. The journal founder & publisher: The State Scientific Institution All Russian Research Institute of Vegetable Breeding and Seed Production of Russian Academy of Agricultural Science (RAAS) Editor in Chief Pivovarov V.F. – Academician of RAAS, a director of All Russian Research Institute of Vegetable Breeding and Seed Production Editorial Board A.A. Zhuchenko, Academician, Russian Academy of Science (RAAS), Russian Academy of Science (RAS) I.V. Savchenko, Academician, Russian Academy of Science (RAAS), a vice president of plant growing department A.F. Agafonov, PhD, agriculture A.M. Artemeva, Principal Scientist, PhD, biology I.T. Balashova, Principal Scientist, PhD, biology N.I. Bocharnikova, Principal Scientist, PhD, agriculture V.I. Burenin, Principal Scientist, PhD, agriculture M.S. Gins, Principal Scientist, PhD, biology V.K. Gins, Principal Scientist, PhD, biology N.A. Golubkina, Principal Scientist, PhD, biology L.K. Gurkina, PhD, agriculture H.G. Dobrutskaya, Principal Scientist, PhD, agriculture A.S. Domblides, PhD, agriculture N.I. Zhukov, PhD, economy A.N. Ignatov, Principal Scientist, PhD, biology L.U. Kan, PhD, agriculture P.F. Kononkov, Principal Scientist, PhD, agriculture V.P. Kushnereva, PhD, agriculture G.D. Levko, Principal Scientist, PhD, agriculture M.I. Mamedov, Principal Scientist, PhD, agriculture A.S. Merzlikin, Principal Scientist, PhD, agriculture, economy F.B. Musaev, PhD, agriculture S.M. Nadezhkin, Principal Scientist, PhD, biology V.P. Nikulshin, PhD, agriculture L.V. Pavlov, Principal Scientist, PhD, agriculture A.P. Primak, Principal Scientist, PhD, biology O.N. Pyshnaya, Principal Scientist, PhD, agriculture E.P. Pronina, PhD, agriculture S.M. Sirota, Principal Scientist, PhD, agriculture V.I. Startsev, Principal Scientist, PhD, agriculture T.P. Suprunova, PhD, agriculture N.I. Timin, Principal Scientist, PhD, agriculture A.A. Ushakov, PhD, agriculture V.A. Kharchenko, PhD, agriculture Yu.V. Chesnokov, Principal Scientist, PhD, biology A.N. Chuprov, Principal Scientist, PhD, economics N.A. Shmikova, Principal Scientist, PhD, agriculture D.V. Shumilina, PhD, agriculture Responsible Scientific Editor M.M. Tareeva, PhD, agriculture Translation A.S. Domblides, PhD, agriculture V.U. Muhortov, PhD, agriculture T.P. Suprunova, PhD, agriculture Photographing A.P. Lebedev Designer K.V. Yansitov (Original model and imposition) –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– Address of the publishing office: All Russian Research Institute of Vegetable Breeding and Seed Production (VNIISSOK), Selektsionnaya St., 14, VNIISSOK, Odintsovo region, Moscow district, 143080 Russia, Editorial and Publishing Unit E mail: vegetables.of.russia@yandex.ru; vniissok@mail.ru http://www.vniissok.ru Tel. +7(495)599 24 42, +7 (498) 303 19 67 (add.202) Recopying materials require reference to the journal to be made. Publishing staff do not bear the responsibility for information included in advertisements. Publisher reserves the right to make alterations in manuscripts in case of lack of correspondence with the issue subject and technical requirements –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– This issue is registered in Federal Service for Supervision of Media and Mass Communications of RF. The license ПИ №ФС77 33218 of the 19th September 2008 Circulation is 1500 copies Учредитель и издатель журнала: Государственное научное учреждение Всероссийский научно исследовательский институт селекции и семеноводства овощных культур Российской академии сельскохозяйственных наук (ГНУ ВНИИССОК Россельхозакадемии) Главный редактор В.Ф. Пивоваров – академик Россельхозакадемии, директор ГНУ ВНИИССОК Россельхозакадемии Редакционный совет А.А. Жученко – академик РАН И.В. Савченко – академик Россельхозакадемии, вице президент Отделения растениеводства А.Ф. Агафонов – кандидат с. х. наук, ГНУ ВНИИССОК Россельхозакадемии А.М. Артемьева – доктор биол. наук, ГНУ ВИР Россельхозакадемии И.Т. Балашова – доктор биол. наук, ГНУ ВНИИССОК Россельхозакадемии Н.И. Бочарникова – доктор с. х. наук, Отделение растениеводства Россельхозакадемии В.И. Буренин – доктор с. х. наук, ГНУ ВИР Россельхозакадемии М.С. Гинс – доктор биол. наук, ГНУ ВНИИССОК Россельхозакадемии В.К. Гинс – доктор биол. наук, ГНУ ВНИИССОК Россельхозакадемии Н.А. Голубкина – доктор биол. наук, ГНУ ВНИИССОК Россельхозакадемии Л.К. Гуркина – кандидат с. х. наук, ГНУ ВНИИССОК Россельхозакадемии Е.Г. Добруцкая – доктор с. х. наук, ГНУ ВНИИССОК Россельхозакадемии А.С. Домблидес – кандидат с. х. наук, ГНУ ВНИИССОК Россельхозакадемии Н.И. Жуков – доктор эконом. наук, Московский НИИСХ «Немчиновка» А.Н. Игнатов – доктор биол. наук, Центр «Биоинженерия» РАН Л.Ю. Кан – кандидат с. х. наук, ГНУ ВНИИССОК Россельхозакадемии П.Ф. Кононков – доктор с. х. наук, ГНУ ВНИИССОК Россельхозакадемии В.П. Кушнерева – кандидат с. х. наук, ГНУ ВНИИССОК Россельхозакадемии Г.Д. Левко – доктор с. х. наук, ГНУ ВНИИССОК Россельхозакадемии М.И. Мамедов – доктор с. х. наук, ГНУ ВНИИССОК Россельхозакадемии А.С. Мерзликин – доктор с. х. наук, кандидат экон. наук, Московский НИИСХ «Немчиновка» Ф.Б. Мусаев – кандидат с. х. наук, ГНУ ВНИИССОК Россельхозакадемии С.М. Надежкин – доктор биол. наук, ГНУ ВНИИССОК Россельхозакадемии В.П. Никульшин – кандидат с. х. наук, ГНУ ВНИИССОК Россельхозакадемии Л.В. Павлов – доктор с. х. наук, ГНУ ВНИИССОК Россельхозакадемии О.Н. Пышная – доктор с. х. наук, ГНУ ВНИИССОК Россельхозакадемии А.П. Примак – доктор биол. наук, ГНУ ВНИИССОК Россельхозакадемии Е.П. Пронина – кандидат с. х. наук, ГНУ ВНИИССОК Россельхозакадемии С.М. Сирота – доктор с. х. наук, ГНУ ВНИИССОК Россельхозакадемии В.И. Старцев – доктор с. х. наук, ГНУ ВНИИССОК Россельхозакадемии Т.П. Супрунова – кандидат с. х. наук, ГНУ ВНИИССОК Россельхозакадемии Н.И. Тимин – доктор с. х. наук, ГНУ ВНИИССОК Россельхозакадемии А.А. Ушаков – кандидат с. х. наук, ГНУ ВНИИССОК Россельхозакадемии В.А. Харченко – кандидат с. х. наук, ГНУ ВНИИССОК Россельхозакадемии Ю.В. Чесноков – доктор биол. наук, ГНУ ВИР Россельхозакадемии А.Н. Чупров – доктор эконом. наук, ГНУ ВНИИССОК Россельхозакадемии Н.А. Шмыкова – доктор с. х. наук, ГНУ ВНИИССОК Россельхозакадемии Д.В. Шумилина – кандидат с. х. наук, ГНУ ВНИИССОК Россельхозакадемии Ответственный редактор М.М. Тареева – кандидат с. х. наук, ГНУ ВНИИССОК Россельхозакадемии Перевод на английский язык А.С. Домблидес – кандидат с. х. наук, ГНУ ВНИИССОК Россельхозакадемии В.Ю. Мухортов – кандидат с. х. наук, ГНУ ВНИИССОК Россельхозакадемии Т.П. Супрунова – кандидат с. х. наук, ГНУ ВНИИССОК Россельхозакадемии Фото А.П. Лебедев Дизайн и верстка К.В. Янситов –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– Адрес редакции: 143080, Московская область, Одинцовский район, п/о Лесной городок, пос. ВНИИССОК, ул. Селекционная, д. 14, Издательство ВНИИССОК E mail: vegetables.of.russia@yandex.ru; vniissok@mail.ru http://www.vniissok.ru Тел: +7(495)599 24 42, +7(498)303 19 67 (доб.202) Факс: +7(495) 599 22 77 Подписной индекс в объединенном каталоге «Пресса России» 13168 При перепечатке материалов ссылка на журнал обязательна. Редакция журнала не несет ответственность за информацию, содержащуюся в рекламе. Редакция оставляет за собой право вносить изменения в предоставленные материалы в случае их несоответствия техническим требованиям и некорректной смысловой нагрузки. Точка зрения авторов может не совпадать с точкой зрения редакции. –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– Издание зарегистрировано в Федеральной службе по надзору в сфере связи и массовых коммуникаций. Свидетельство ПИ №ФС77 33218 от 19 сентября 2008 г. Тираж 1500 экземпляров. Подписано в печать 09.08.2011 Отпечатано в ООО «Агентство «МедиаМикс» 109202, г. Москва, Рязанский проспект, дом 33 Тел.: +7 (495) 66 505 44, www.mdmix.ru
научно
практический журнал
[2]
овощи россии № 1 (10) 2011
RESUMES
ADVANCED PRINCIPLES FOR BREEDING Pivovarov V.F., Gins M.S., Gins V.K. SIGNIFICANCE OF INTERNATIONAL SYMPO SIUMS ON «NEW AND NONTRADITIONAL PLANT CULTURES AND PROSPECTS OF THEIR USE» State Institution, All Russian Research Institute of Vegetable Breeding and Seed Production, RAAS, E mail: physiol@inbox.ru On 14 18 June, 2011, XI international symposium on «New and nontraditional Plant Cultures and Prospects of Their Use» was hosted by Institute of Fundamental Problems of Biology, RAS. Key words: nontraditional plants, plant introduction, plant breeding, physiology, biochemistry, symposium THEORY AND PRACTICE OF VEGETABLE CROP BREEDING Kondratenko S.I.,Chernyshenko T.V., Artemieva A.M. ELABORATION OF ELEMENTS OF METHODS FOR APOMICTIC PROPAGATION OF VALUABLE ACCESSIONS OF WHITE HEAD CABBAGE Institute of Vegetable and Melon, NAAS, Ukraine E mail: ovoch iob@online.ua N.I. Vavilov Research Institute of Plant Industry E mail: a.artemyeva@vir.nw.ru Exogenous factors affecting on the expression of apomixis in cabbage have been identified. Apomictic seeds developed into embryoids were observed in three cabbage varieties such as Jana, Lazurnaya and Lesia (Ukraine). Thus, it was possible to induce an incomplete organogenesis of parthenogenesis seeds originated from these four varieties of cabbage. The occurrence of apomixis was provoked by the syner gitic effect of plant growth regulators and alien pollen applied simultaneously as an aqueous mixture of gib berellins and cytokinin applied on the base of the pis til, while the alien pollen (Chinese radish – Loba) was placed on the stigma of castrated cabbage buds 2 3 days before they disclose. Key words: white head cabbage, apomixis, exoge nous factors PLANT BIOCHEMISTRY AND PHYSIOLOGY Bukharov A.F., Baleev D.N. FACTORS DETERMINING ALLELOPATHIC ACTIVITY OF CELERY FAMILY CROPS State Institution, All Russian Research Institute of Vegetable Growing, RAAS E mail: afb56@mail.ru; baleev.dmitry@yandex.ru Contributions of main factors and their interaction effects on development of the allelopathic activity of seeds have been shown. The specificity of distribu tion of factor influence portion has been revealed depending on extract concentration. Key words: allelopathy, seeds, celery, parsley, parsnip, dill, portion of factor influence ADVANCED TECHNOLOGIES FOR CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLE CROPS Koshevarov A.A., Nadezhkin S.M., Agafonov A.F. SEED AND VEGETATIVE PRODUCTIVITY OF BULB ONION UNDER OPTIMIZATION OF MINERAL NUTRITION State Institution, All Russian Research Institute of Vegetable Breeding and Seed Production, RAAS, E mail: nadegs@yandex.ru The mineral fertilizers affect positively on plant growth and development. It was shown that the posi tive dependence between increased doses of mineral noutrition (in the gap from 0 to 120 kg. per hectare) and the growth of generative and vegetative plant organs. Application of NPK fertilize (120 120 120) was optimal to produce the maximum yield of mar ketable bulb onion 43.1 tons/hectare, with additional increase 22.8 tons /hectare as compared with stan dard. Seed plants also produced 1065 kg/hectare of seeds; that was more than 100 % compared with standard. Key words: bulb onion, mineral nutrition, yield abili ty, seed productivity
научно
MEDICINAL AND AROMATIC CULTURAL PLANTS Zemskova U.K., Flyazhenkov A.V., Merkulov A.A. FEATURES OF PROPAGATION METHODS OF VEG ETABLE CROPS BELONGING TO LAMIACEAE FAMILY N.I. Vaviliov State Agrarian University, Saratov, Russia tel: 8452 23 32, fax: 8452 26 47 81 The results of research on features of propagation of new medicinal and aromatic plant crops, nontradition al and traditional cultures such as Lophantus anisatus Benth, Hyssopus officinalis L. are highlighted in the article. The results that were obtained describe the influence of chemicals for active growth on root for mation onto grafts of Hyssopus officinalis L. Key words: aromatic plants, propagation, seed yielding Zagumennikov V.B., Smirnova E.V., Babaeva E.U., Timofeeva S.V. CULTIVATION OF PURPLE CONEFLOWER (ECHI NACEA PURPUREA L.) FOR PRODUCTION OF DIFFER ENT TYPES OF MEDICINAL PLANT RAW MATERIAL All Russian Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants E mail: vilarnii@mail.ru, zagumennic@list.ru The technology that is elaborated is to grow purple cone flower (Echinacea Purpurea L.) producing appropriate roots and rhizomes that can be used to obtain at the same time the additional output in the substance of juice from both the foliage and dry plants. Optimal results on yield and quality of additional output were achieved when the plants were rejuvenated at the stage of budding. Key words: purple coneflower (Echinacea Purpurea L.), cultivation, rejuvenating herb cut, quality of plant raw material, juice, herb, roots and rhizome Morozov A.I. PRODUCTIVITY OF PEPPERMINT RHIZOMES AMONG DIFFERENT VARIETIES IN CONDITION OF FERTILIZER AND LIME APPLICATION All Russian Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants e mail: vilarnii@mail.ru The results presented in the article concerns the variety pro ductivity of annual and biennial peppermint rhizomes grown on sod podzolic soils with successive and simultaneous addi tion of mineral, organic fertilizers and lime. Key words: peppermint, varieties, productivity of rhizomes, turf and sod podzolic soils, mineral and organic fertilizers, lime ACTUALITIES IN POST HARVESTING VEGETABLE STORAGE AND PROCESSING Machulkina V.A., SannikovaT.A., Pavlov L.V. PROCESSING AND STORAGE OF TOMATO FRUITS AFTER COMBINE HARVESTING State Institution, All Russian Research Institute of Irrigated Vegetable and Melon Cultivation E mail: vniiob@kam.astranet.ru State Institution, All Russian Research Institute of Vegetable Breeding and Seed Production, RAAS E mail: vniissok@mail.ru The main arm of the each producer is to preserve vegeta bles and then to use them completely. That is why it is important to study the storage longevity of tomato fruits collected by harvesting machine affecting on the quality of final products. Key words: tomato, fruits, quality, combine harvesting, chemical and technological assessment, tomato juice Primak A.P., Startsev V.I., Zimina N.K., Bondareva L.L. Tamkovich S.K., Stepanisheva N.M., Posokina N.E., Lyapina O.U. ASSESSMENT OF WHITE HEAD CABBAGE VARIETIES AND HYBRIDS FOR SUITABILITY FOR POST HARVEST PROCESSING AND HANDLING State Institution, All Russian Research Institute of Vegetable Breeding and Seed Production, RAAS E mail: vniissok@mail.ru All Russian Research Institute of Cannery and Vegetable Drying Technology, RAAS E mail: vnikopltok@yandex.ru The different varieties of cabbage were assessed to be suit able for processing technology. As result of assessment, the best cultivars and heterosis hybrids have been chosen for this proposes. The canned products were also trialed. Key words: white head cabbage, canning industry, bio chemical content
SEED PRODUCTION Moiysevich N.V. OPTIMIZATION OF TECHNOLOGICAL MEANS FOR BULB ONION SEED PRODUCTION Institute of Vegetable Growing Kovaleva st. 2, Samokhvalovichi, Republic of Belorussia E mail: monaval@tut.ru; tel: +37529 787 40 49 The results presented in the article concerns the opti mization of main technological means of bulb onion seed production in Byelorussia. The production moth er bulbs from seeds and planting onion are highlighted in the article. Influence of both diameter of mother bulbs and density of grown plants on yield capacity and sowing quality of seeds has been identified. The com parative assessment of seed production in triennial and biennial cultivation has been carried out. Key words: bulb onion, seed production, technology ECONOMICS IN VEGETABLE BREEDING Gaplaev M.S. ECONOMIC EFFICIENCY OF CARROT CULTIVATION IN CENTRAL PRE CAUCASUS State Educational Institution Chechen State University E mail: chesu@mail.ru, mail@chesu.ru The results of many years' research on elaboration tech nology for carrot cultivation in vertical zones of Central Pre Caucasus are presented in the article. The integrat ed estimation of the economic efficiency of this technolo gy has been carried out. Key words: garden carrot, technology for cultivation, economic efficiency POST GRADUATE PROGRAMS Pavlova N.F. POST GRADUATE AND POST DOCTORAL PRO GRAMS, THESIS COMMITTEE; POST GRADUATE DEPARTMENT INFORMS State Institution, All Russian Research Institute of Vegetable Breeding and Seed Production, RAAS E mail: aspirantura@vniissok.ru In June, 2011 four candidate research works have been maintained and accepted by the members of thesis com mittee D220.019.01 to confer a PhD degree and a Doctoral degree TO MEMORY OF A SCIENTISTS Velizhanov N.M. TO THE MEMORY OF KAZALY KAMALOVICHA KAZA LIEV, A MASTER AND A MENTOR Experimental Station of Vegetable Breeding and Viticulture, Dagestan On 9 August, 2011 K.K. KAZALIEV, renowned worker of agriculture of Russian Federation, honored economist of Republic of Dagestan, researcher (PhD), director of Dagestan Experimental Station of Vegetable Breeding and Viticulture passed away at the age of 62. VEGETABLES AROUND THE WORLD Pivovarov V.F., Primak A.P., Fedorova M.I., Tareeva M.M. VNIISSOK'S VEGETABLES FOR THE SPACE EXPLORATION State Institution, All Russian Research Institute of Vegetable Breeding and Seed Production, RAAS E mail: vniissok@mail.ru Now the 2011 is a Year of Russian Cosmonautic as it was announced according to the edict of President of Russia Federation. The 50 years from the first human's flight into the space is being marked this year. On 12 April, 1961, for the first time in human's history the Soviet citizen Yuri Gagarin was a first man to perform a flight into the space on board of Vostok spaceship. Having flown around the planet he successfully land ed. It was a 108 minutes' flight, only one circle which became the greatest event not only for 20th century but also for history of civilization. All Russian Research Institute of Vegetable Breeding and Seed Production as some other Research Institutes of RAAS have been now working out the foodstuffs for cosmonauts since the time when Russian Space Exploration Program began.
практический журнал
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овощи россии № 1 (10) 2011

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