Content on this page requires a newer version of Adobe Flash Player.

Get Adobe Flash player

watches
копии часовкопии часов

Журнал "Овощи России" №3 2010

Прикрепленный файлРазмер
3-9_vniissok_inet.pdf7.57 Мб
Embedded Scribd iPaper - Requires Javascript and Flash Player
СОДЕРЖАНИЕ
ИНФОРМАЦИОННЫЕ СООБЩЕНИЯ Старцев В.И., Бондарева Л.Л. Международный форум по капустным культурам, Краснодар, 2010. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4 7
Байбулова О. II Всероссийский форум «Молодежный агробизнес в инновационном развитии АПК» – Российский агробизнес в руках молодежи. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8 11 Шмыкова Н.А., Кан Л.Ю. Международная научная конференция «Генетика и биотехнология на рубеже тысячелетий» (к 45 летию основания Института генетики и цитологии НАН Беларуси). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12 15 Савченко И.М., Бочарникова Н.И. Отчетная сессия в Россельхозакадемии, ноябрь 2010 года. . . .16
CONTENTS
ANNOUNCEMENTS Startsev B.I., Bondareva L.L. International meeting on cole crops in Krasnodar, 2010. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4 7
Baiybulova O. Second All Russian Forum «The Young People in Agribusiness for Innovational Development in Agricultural Industry». Young people to be engaged in agribusiness. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8 11 Shmikova N.A., Kan L.U. The International Scientific Conference «Genetics and Biotechnology on the Border of Millennium (Dedicated to the 45th Anniversary of the Institute of Genetics and Cytology of NAS of Belarus). . .12 15 Savchenko I.V., Bocharnikova N.I. Annual report on scientific research program in November, 2010 in Russian Academy of Agricultural Science. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16
ТЕОРИЯ И ПРАКТИКА ОТЕЧЕСТВЕННОЙ СЕЛЕКЦИИ ОВОЩНЫХ КУЛЬТУР Пивоваров В.Ф. Пышная О.Н. Гуркина Л.К. Основные направления исследований Всероссийского НИИ селекции и семеноводства овощных культур и итоги работы за 2010 год. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18 25 СОВЕТ МОЛОДЫХ УЧЕНЫХ Солдатенко А.В. Разработка методов экологической селекции на минимальное содержание радионуклидов. . . . . . . . . . . . .26 29 ИНТРОДУКЦИЯ НОВЫХ КУЛЬТУР В РОССИИ Швирст Е.П. Особенности интродукции дайкона в условиях Магаданской области. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .30 31
Фотев Ю.В., Белоусова В.П. Изменчивость признаков сортообразцов вигны в Сибири. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .32 36
THEORY AND PRACTICE OF LOCAL BREEDING ACHEVMENTS IN VEGETABLE CROPS Pivovarov V.F., Pishnaya O.N., Gurkina L.K. Main directions of scientific research program in All Russian Research Institute of Vegetable Breeding and Seed Production, research outlines and results for 2010. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18 25 COUNCIL OF YOUNG RESEARCHERS Soldatenko A.V. Elaboration of methods for breeding program and ecological research on minimum radionuclide content. . . .26 29 INTRODUCTION OF NEW PLANT CULTURE Shvirst E.P. Features of introduction of Daikon in condition of Magadan region. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .30 31
Fotev U.V., Belousova V.P. Variability in morphological traits of breeding accessions of vegetable cowpea in Siberia. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .32 36
СОВРЕМЕННЫЕ ТЕХНОЛОГИИ ВОЗДЕЛЫВАНИЯ ОВОЩНЫХ КУЛЬТУР Цыганок Н.С., Казыдуб Н.Г. О пригодности сортов фасоли овощной к механизированной уборке. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .37 41 РЕКОМЕНДАЦИИ ПО ВОЗДЕЛЫВАНИЮ ОВОЩНЫХ КУЛЬТУР ОВОЩИ ДЛЯ СРЕДНЕЙ ПОЛОСЫ РОССИИ Потехин Г.А., Харченко В.А., Пивоваров В.Ф. Особенности выращивания петрушки на зелень. . . . . . . . . .42 47 «КРУГЛЫЙ СТОЛ» – ТОЧКА ЗРЕНИЯ Авдеев Ю.И., Авдеев А.Ю., Иванова Л.М., Кигашпаева О.П., Бочкарёва Е.С. Биологическое преимущество гетерозисной селекции над селекцией сортов заблуждение и поддерживаемый миф… Новые подходы в селекции. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .48 54 ЮБИЛЕЙНЫЕ ДАТЫ Добруцкая Е.Г., Тареева М.М. 90 лет факультету садоводства и ландшафтной архитектуры РГАУ МСХА им. К.А. Тимирязева . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .55 57
Кан Л.Ю. Профессору Тимину Н.И. – 75 лет . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .58 61 Мусаев Ф.Б., Тареева М.М. Деятели отечественной науки – Тарасенко Михаил Трофимович . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .62 63
ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY FOR VEGETABLE CROP CULTIVATION Tsyganok N.S., Kazydub N.G. On suitability of common bean for mechanized harvesting. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .37 41 RECOMMENDATION ON VEGETABLES CULTIVATION TECHNOLOGY; VEGETABLES FOR MIDDLE BELT OF RUSSIA Potekhin G.A., Kharchenko V.A., Pivovarov V.F. Features of new parsley accessions used as salad herbs. . . . . .42 47 ROUND TABLE TALKS, STANDPOINT Avdeev U.I., Avdeev A.U., Ivanova L.M., Kigashpaeva O.P., Bochkareva E.S. Biological advantage of heterosis breeding over variety selection believed as in a delusion and a myth. New approaches in plant breeding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .48 54 JUBELEES Dobrutskaya E.G., Tareeva M.M. 90th anniversary of faculty of gardening and landscape architecture in Russian State Agricultural University – Timiriyazev Academy of Agriculture, Moscow. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .55 57
Kan L.U. 75th anniversary of professor Timin Nikolay Ivanovich. . . . . . . . .58 61 Musaev F.B., Tareeva M.M. Mikhail Trophimovich Tarasenko – the renowned scientists of our country. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .62 63
ОВОЩНАЯ ГЕОГРАФИЯ Мишина А.В. Карвинг – высокое искусство для каждой кухни. . . . . . . . . . . . . .64
научно практический журнал
GEOGRAPHY OF VEGETABLES Mishina A.V. Vegetable carving from is an excellent art for cuisine. . . . . . . . . . . .64
овощи россии № 3 (9) 2010
[ 1 ]
Научно практический журнал № 3 (9) 2010 Издаётся с декабря 2008 г.
Журнал предназначен для ученых и практиков овощеводства, селекционеров, семеноводов и овощеводов любителей
VEGETABLE CROPS OF RUSSIA The journal of science and practical applications in agriculture № 3 (9) 2010 Published since 2008
The journal is recommended for scientists and practicable offers, farmers, plant breeders, amateurs in agriculture and vegetable growing.
The journal founder: The State Scientific Institution All Russian Research Institute of Vegetable Breeding and Seed Production Russian Academy of Agricultural Science Publisher The State Scientific Institution All Russian Research Institute of Vegetable Breeding and Seed Production Russian Academy of Agricultural Science (RAAS) Editor in Chief Pivovarov V.F. – Academician of RAAS, a director All Russian Research Institute of Vegetable Breeding and Seed Production Editorial Board A.A. Zhuchenko, Academician, Russian Academy of Science (RAS), Russian Academy of Agricultural Science (RAAS) A.F. Agafonov, PhD, agriculture I.T. Balashova, Principal Scientist, PhD, biology A.P. Primak, Principal Scientist, PhD, biology M.S. Gins, Principal Scientist, PhD, biology V.K. Gins, Principal Scientist, PhD, biology L.K. Gurkina, PhD, agriculture H.G. Dobrutskaya, Principal Scientist, PhD, agriculture P.F. Kononkov, Principal Scientist, PhD, agriculture V.P. Kushnereva, PhD, agriculture G.D. Levko, PhD, agriculture M.I. Mamedov, Principal Scientist, PhD, agriculture S.M. Nadezhkin, Principal Scientist, PhD, biology V.P. Nikulshin, PhD, agriculture L.V. Pavlov, Principal Scientist, PhD, agriculture O.N. Pyshnaya, Principal Scientist, PhD, biology E.P. Pronina, PhD, agriculture S.M. Sirota, Principal Scientist, PhD, agriculture V.I. Startsev, Principal Scientist, PhD, agriculture N.I. Timin, Principal Scientist, PhD, agriculture A.A. Ushakov, PhD, agriculture V.A. Kharchenko, PhD, agriculture A.N. Chuprov, Principal Scientist, PhD, economics N.A. Shmykova, Principal Scientist, PhD, agriculture Scientific Editor H.G. Dobrutskaya, Principal Scientist, PhD, agriculture Associate Scientific Editor M.M. Tareeva, PhD, agriculture Translation A.S. Domblides, PhD, agriculture V.U. Muhortov, PhD, agriculture Photographing A.P. Lebedev Designer K.V. Yansitov (Original model and imposition) Address of the publishing office: All Russian Research Institute of Vegetable Breeding and Seed Production (VNIISSOK), Moscow district, Odintsovo region, p/o Lesoy Gorodok, 143 080 Russia, Editorial and Publishing Unit Recopying materials require reference to the journal to be made. Publishing staff do not bear the responsibility for information included in advertisements. Publisher reserves the right to make alterations in manuscripts in case of lack of correspondence with the issue subject and technical requirements This issue is registered in Federal Service for Supervision of Media and Mass Communications of RF. The license ПИ №ФС77 33218 of the 19th September 2008 Circulation is 1500 copies
Учредитель журнала: Государственное научное учреждение Всероссийский научно исследовательский институт селекции и семеноводства овощных культур Российской академии сельскохозяйственных наук (ВНИИССОК) Издатель: Государственное научное учреждение Всероссийский научно исследовательский институт селекции и семеноводства овощных культур Российской академии сельскохозяйственных наук (ВНИИССОК) Главный редактор В.Ф. Пивоваров – директор ВНИИССОК, академик РАСХН Редакционный совет: А.А. Жученко – академик РАН и РАСХН А.Ф. Агафонов – кандидат с. х. наук И.Т. Балашова – доктор биологических наук М.С. Гинс – доктор биологических наук В.К. Гинс – доктор биологических наук Л.К. Гуркина – кандидат с. х. наук Е.Г. Добруцкая – доктор с.х. наук П.Ф. Кононков – доктор с. х. наук В.П. Кушнерева – кандидат с. х. наук Г.Д. Левко – кандидат с. х. наук М.И. Мамедов – доктор с. х. наук С.М. Надежкин – доктор биологических наук В.П. Никульшин – кандидат с. х. наук Л.В. Павлов – доктор с. х. наук О.Н. Пышная – доктор с. х. наук А.П. Примак – доктор биологических наук Е.П. Пронина – кандидат с. х. наук С.М. Сирота – доктор с. х. наук В.И. Старцев – доктор с. х. наук Н.И. Тимин – доктор с. х. наук А.А. Ушаков – кандидат с. х. наук В.А. Харченко – кандидат с. х. наук А.Н. Чупров – доктор экономических наук Н.А. Шмыкова – доктор с. х. наук Научный редактор Е.Г. Добруцкая – доктор с. х. наук Ответственный редактор, зам. научного редактора М.М. Тареева – кандидат с. х. наук Перевод на английский язык А.С. Домблидес – кандидат с. х. наук В.Ю. Мухортов – кандидат с. х. наук Фото А.П. Лебедев Дизайнер К.В. Янситов (оригинальный макет и верстка) Адрес редакции: 143080, Московская область, Одинцовский р н, п/о Лесной городок, пос. ВНИИССОК, издательство ВНИИССОК. E mail: vniissok@mail.ru; tareeva marina@rambler.ru WWW.VNIISSOK.RU Тел.: +7 (495) 599 24 42, +7 (498) 303 19 67 (доб. 202) Факс: +7 (495) 599 22 77 При перепечатке материалов ссылка на журнал обязательна. Редакция журнала не несет ответственность за информацию, содержащуюся в рекламе. Редакция оставляет за собой право вносить изменения в предоставленные материалы в случае их несоответствия техническим требованиям и некорректной смысловой нагрузки. Точка зрения авторов может не совпадать с точкой зрения редакции. Издание зарегистрировано в Федеральной службе по надзору в сфере связи и массовых коммуникаций. Свидетельство ПИ №ФС77 33218 от 19 сентября 2008 г. Тираж 1500 экземпляров. Подписано в печать 22.12.2010 Отпечатано в ООО «Агентство «МедиаМикс» 109202, г. Москва, Рязанский проспект, дом 33 Тел.: +7 (495) 66 505 44, www.mdmix.ru
научно
практический
журнал
[ 2 ]
овощи
россии
№ 3 (9) 2010
RESUMES
ANNOUNCEMENTS Startsev B.I., Bondareva L.L. International meeting on cole crops in Krasnodar, 2010 State Scientific Institution, All Russian Research Institute of Vegetable Breeding and Seed Production Russian Academy of Agricultural Science Е mail: mail@vniissok.ru On 12 14 September, 2010 the international scien tific and practical conference on cole crops was held at All Russian Research Institute of Rice Breeding in Krasnodar. The major section subjects were concentrated on current trends in cole crops breeding, seed management, and recent technolo gies for Brassica crop cultivation. Baiybulova O. Second All Russian Forum «The Young People in Agribusiness for Innovational Development in Agricultural Industry». Young people to be engaged in agribusiness Russian Agrarian Young People's Union E mail: info@rssm.su; rssm@inbox.ru On 10 October, 2010 the forum «The Young People in Agribusiness for Innovational Development in Agricultural Industry» was organized at All Russian Exhibition Center in Moscow, within the framework of the Agricultural Industry Exhibition «The Golden Autumn» Shmikova N.A., Kan L.U. The International Scientific Conference «Genetics and Biotechnology on the Border of Millennium (Dedicated to the 45th Anniversary of the Institute of Genetics and Cytology of NAS of Belarus) State Scientific Institution, All Russian Research Institute of Vegetable Breeding and Seed Production Russian Academy of Agricultural Science Е mail: mail@vniissok.ru The International Scientific Conference «Genetics and Biotechnology on the Border of Millennium (Dedicated to the 45th Anniversary of the Institute of Genetics and Cytology of NAS of Belarus) was held from 25th to 29th October, 2010 in Minsk. Savchenko I.V., Bocharnikova N.I. Annual report on scientific research program in November, 2010 in Russian Academy of Agricultural Science Plant Breeding Branch of Russian Academy of Agricultural Science E mail: gametas@mail.ru Annual report «On Scientific and Industrial Projects of Research Institutes in the Area of Vegetable and Potato Breeding in 2010 and Following Scientific Proposals from Research Institutes for 2011» THEORY AND PRACTICE OF LOCAL BREEDING ACHEVMENTS IN VEGETABLE CROPS Pivovarov V.F., Pishnaya O.N., Gurkina L.K. Main directions of scientific research program in All Russian Research Institute of Vegetable Breeding and Seed Production, research out lines and results for 2010 State Scientific Institution, All Russian Research Institute of Vegetable Breeding and Seed Production Russian Academy of Agricultural Science Е mail: mail@vniissok.ru This article surveyed main directions of scientific research work that is carried on in All Russian Research Institute of Vegetable Breeding and Seed Production. The concise results in applied and fun damental researches that have been obtained in the institute for 2010 are described. Key words: plant breeding, seed production, genetics, interspecific hybridization, biotechnolo gy, molecular markers, plant protection, vegetable crop, genetic resources, varieties and F1 hybrids COUNCIL OF YOUNG RESEARCHERS Soldatenko A.V. Elaboration of methods for breeding program and ecological research on minimum radionu clide content State Scientific Institution, All Russian Research Institute of Vegetable Breeding and Seed Production Russian Academy of Agricultural Science E mail: alex soldat@mail.ru The presented results describes the approaches for breeding of initial accessions and for choosing of informative environmental factors that is used for selec tion of vegetable plant genotypes with minimized accu mulation of 137Cs and 90Sr radionuclide. These methods are involved into ecological breeding program on low radionuclide accumulation in vegetable plants. Key words: Radionuclide, vegetable crops, culti vars, environmental factors, methods of ecological breeding INTRODUCTION OF NEW PLANT CULTURE Shvirst E.P. Features of introduction of Daikon in condition of Magadan region State Scientific Institution, Research Institute of Agriculture, Russian Academy of Agricultural Science E mail: agrarian@maglan.ru In 2007 2009, the agro technological researches were performed to optimize the cultivation of Daikon Raphanus sativus in coastal zone of Okhotsk in the Magadan region. On the basis of the experimental results observed, it has been shown that Daikon Raphanus sativus can be grown in extreme soil and climate conditions of Northern Far East with all crop requirements that have to be maintained for the regional plant cultivation tech nology. Key words: Japanese radish, introduction, cultiva tion, regional technology Fotev U.V., Belousova V.P. Variability in morphological traits of breeding accessions of vegetable cowpea in Siberia Central Botanical Garden, Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Science, Novosibirsk E mail: fotev@online.nsk.su Variability in morphological traits of vegetable cowpea under film greenhouse and outdoor con ditions has been studied. A study of breeding accessions and hybrid generations of vegetable cowpea in Siberia has revealed various morpho logical types and economically valuable forms with green, red and purple and red and green pod colour are suitable for a further breeding pro gram for high yielding varieties. A study of pod skin color in cowpea has revealed dominant inher itance of pigmentation in F1 and split at a ratio of 9: 3: 4 in F2. Key words: vegetable cowpea, morphological traits, inheritance of pod pigmentation ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY FOR VEGETABLE CROP CULTIVATION Tsyganok N.S., Kazydub N.G. On suitability of common bean for mechanized harvesting State Scientific Institution, All Russian Research Institute of Vegetable Breeding and Seed Production Russian Academy of Agricultural Science State Agricultural University, Omsk Twelve cultivars that were adapted to a region, including newly developed ones were assessed for three years at three terms of sowing. These culti vars were suitable for mechanized harvesting. As it was shown cultivars Pagoda, Zholushka, Kreolka, Lika, Rashel, Sakphit were the most acceptable for harvesting by mechanized combing at the time of industrial ripeness. Key words: garden beans, varieties, terms of sowing, suitability for mechanized harvesting, Western Siberia RECOMMENDATION ON VEGETABLE CULTIVATION TECHNOLOGY; VEGETABLES FOR MIDDLE BELT OF RUSSIA Potekhin G.A., Kharchenko V.A., Pivovarov V.F. Features of new parsley accessions used as salad herbs State Scientific Institution, All Russian Research Institute of Vegetable Breeding and Seed Production Russian Academy of Agricultural Science Е mail: mail@vniissok.ru New cultivars of parsley were described to be used as vegetable salad herbs. The detailed description for VNIISSOK's accessions was given. Key words: parsley, varieties, agricultural technol ogy for growing, plant breeding ROUND TABLE TALKS, STANDPOINT Avdeev U.I., Avdeev A.U., Ivanova L.M., Kigashpaeva O.P., Bochkareva E.S. Biological advantage of heterosis breeding over variety selection believed as in a delusion and a myth. New approaches in plant breeding Astrakhan State University All Russian Research Institute of Irrigated Vegetable and Melon Growing Astrakhan Department of FGY «Gossortkomissia» It is shown that hybrids F1 in many agricultural crops belonging namely to Solanaceae and Cucurbitaceae have no any actual or potential advantages over select ed varieties for yield characteristics and a complex of economic valuable traits. This statement equally con cerns to many other crops, including cross pollinated species. When buying seeds of hybrid F1 instead of varieties of the same quality, we spend extra money for a high laborious method for their development. Breeding program and seed production for hybrids F1 have arisen and are maintained and monopolized. This strategy brings losses 10 300 times as much in addi tional labor and expenses to be required for breeding process. These additional expenses are then imposed and on production. Potential opportunities on yielding capacity in transgenic varieties and hybrids and hybrid of «terminator» type are also considered. Key words: vegetable crops, varieties, hybrids F1, breeding for heterosis, transgenic varieties, terminator variety type JUBELEES Dobrutskaya E.G., Tareeva M.M. 90th anniversary of faculty of gardening and landscape architecture in Russian State Agricultural University Timiriyazev Academy of Agriculture, Moscow State Scientific Institution, All Russian Research Institute of Vegetable Breeding and Seed Production Russian Academy of Agricultural Science, Moscow dis trict, Odintsovo region, PO Lesnoy Gorodok, Е mail: mail@vniissok.ru On 9 December, 2010 the ceremonial meeting of faculty of gardening and landscape architecture dedicated to 90th anniversary of the establishment of the faculty and chairs of fruit growing, vegetable growing, breeding and seed production of garden plants was held in Central Scientific Library named after N.I. Zheleznov. Kan L.U. 75th anniversary of professor Timin Nikolay Ivanovich State Scientific Institution, All Russian Research Institute of Vegetable Breeding and Seed Production Russian Academy of Agricultural Science Е mail: mail@vniissok.ru On 7 April, 2010 Timin Nikolay Ivanovich is celebrating his 75th anniversary and as he has already worked in our institute for 55 years. In his longtime scientific and pedagogical activities he have been marked as a renowned researcher, a leading scientist in applied plant genetic and plant breeding, a principal scientists of laboratory of genetics and cytology, a honorable head of laboratory of genetics and cytology, a posses sor of golden medal of N.I. Vavilova, the Honored Scientist of VNIISSOK, doctor in agriculture, professor. Musaev F.B., Tareeva M.M. Mikhail Trophimovich Tarasenko – the renowned scientists of our country State Scientific Institution, All Russian Research Institute of Vegetable Breeding and Seed Production Russian Academy of Agricultural Science Е mail: mail@vniissok.ru In 2010, 100 years have passed since the date of birth of Mikhail Trophimovich Tarasenko who was a renowned scientist in pomology, honored scientist of RSFSR, professor of Moscow Timiriyazev Agricultural Academy GEOGRAPHY OF VEGETABLES Mishina A.V. Vegetables carving from is an excellent art for cuisine Academy of Carving, Moscow www.karving.ru Artistic fruits and vegetables carving arose in the east and after thousand years, it has become a part of national traditions. Now in Russia, there is a sensation associated with interest in cuisine originated in the east. The current style and refinement, elegance and imagination that characterize the meal from the east can be reflected in vegetable carving.
научно
практический
журнал
[ 3 ]
овощи
россии
№ 3 (9) 2010

cheap fake watches copy omega watches imitation rolex watches breitling fake watches imitation omega watches replica watches breitling ralph lauren t shirt best replica watches omega fake watch ralph lauren outlet ralph lauren polo ralph lauren home ralph lauren online best replica rolex fake watches uk best replica rolex fake rolex watch quality replica watches perfect replica watches cheap rolex replicas