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Журнал "Овощи России" №1 2012

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СОДЕРЖАНИЕ
С ЮБИЛЕЕМ! Пышная О.Н., Гуркина Л.К., Науменко Т.С., Тареева М.М. Академику Российской академии сельскохозяйственных наук Виктору Федоровичу Пивоварову – 70 лет . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4 ИНФОРМАЦИОННЫЕ СООБЩЕНИЯ Савченко И.В. Научное обеспечение растениеводства и овощеводства . . . . .12 ТЕОРИЯ И ПРАКТИКА СЕЛЕКЦИИ СЕЛЬСКОХОЗЯЙСТВЕННЫХ КУЛЬТУР Пивоваров В.Ф. ВНИИССОК – интеграция науки и производства . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14 Темирбекова С.К., Куликов И.М., Ионов Э.Ф., Казаков О.Г., Ионова Н.Э. ,Курило А.А. Наследие Н.И. Вавилова в современной науке и практической селекции . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18 СОВРЕМЕННЫЕ НАПРАВЛЕНИЯ СЕЛЕКЦИИ ОВОЩНЫХ И ЦВЕТОЧНЫХ КУЛЬТУР Пивоваров В.Ф., Котляр И.П. Оценка среды как фона для отбора при селекции гороха овощного на адаптивность . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .26 Кайгородова И.М., Пышная О.Н., Пронина Е.П. Перспективный селекционный материал гороха овощного . . .30 Левко Г.Д. Изменчивость основных декоративных признаков у космоса двоякоперистого (Cosmos bipinnatus L.) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33
CONTENTS
ANNIVERSARY CELEBRATION Pishnaya O.N., Gurkina L.K., Naumenko T.S., Tareeva M.M. In commemoration of the 70 th anniversary of the member of the Academy of Agricultural Science Victor Fedorovich Pivovarov . . . .4 ANNOUCEMENTS Savchenko I.V. Scientific software of plant and vegetable growing . . . . . . . . . . . . .12 THEORY AND PRACTICE OF VEGETABLE PLANT BREEDING Pivovarov V.F. All Russian Research Institute of Vegetable Breeding and Seed Production – integration of science and practice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14 Temirbekova S.K., Kulikov I.M., Ionov E.F., Kasakov O.G., Ionova N.E., Kurilo A.A. Heritage of Vavilov N.I. in modern science and practical breeding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18 ADVANCED DIRECTIONS IN VEGETABLE PLANTS BREEDING Pivovarov V.F., Kotlyar I.P. Estimation of environment as a background for green pea breeding for adaptivity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .26 Kaygorodova I.M., Pyshnaya O.N., Pronina E.P. Promising breeding material of green pea . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .30 Levko D.B. Variability of main ornamental traits of common cosmos (Cosmos bipinnatus L.) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33
СТАНДАРТЫ НА ОВОЩНУЮ ПРОДУКЦИЮ STANDARTS FOR VEGETABLE PRODUCE Пивоваров В.Ф., Павлов Л.В., Параскова О.Т., Кононыхина В.М. Pivovarov V.F., Pavlov L.V., Paraskova O.T., Kononichina V.M. Роль стандартов в овощеводстве . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .36 The role of standarts in vegetable production . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .36 Павлов Л.В., Кондратьева И.Ю., Параскова О.Т., Санникова Т.А., Мачулкина В.А., Гарьянова Е.Д. Томаты продовольственные. Механизированная уборка (типовой технологический процесс) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .39 ЗЕЛЕННЫЕ И ПРЯНО ВКУСОВЫЕ КУЛЬТУРЫ Земскова Ю.К., Лялина Е.В., Суминова Н.Б. Элементы технологии выращивания чабера огородного и лофанта анисового в Нижнем Поволжье . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .41 НОВЫЕ СОРТА ОВОЩНЫХ КУЛЬТУР Скорина В.В., Мусаев Ф.Б., Никульшин В.П. Результаты государственного испытания новых сортов чеснока озимого . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .44 СЕЛЕКЦИЯ ОВОЩНЫХ КУЛЬТУР Добруцкая Е.Г., Старцев В.И., Бондарева Л.Л., Антошкина М.С. Фенотипическая изменчивость количественных признаков капусты белокочанной . . . . . . . . . . .48 Гринько Н.Н. Скрининг мировой коллекции генетических ресурсов ВИР им. Н.И. Вавилова с целью отбора генотипов огурца, устойчивых к Pseudoperonospora cubensis (Berk. et Curt.) Rostow. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .50 СЕМЕНОВЕДЕНИЕ Балеев Д.Н., Бухаров А.Ф. Биология формирования и прорастания семян укропа . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .54 ЭКОНОМИКА И ОРГАНИЗАЦИЯ СЕЛЬСКОХОЗЯЙСТВЕННОГО ПРОИЗВОДСТВА Титова Е.С. Практическая значимость инновационной реструктуризации предприятия . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .60 Титова Е.С. Экономическая эффективность применения химических средств защиты растений . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .62 ЧЕЛОВЕЧЕСКИЙ ФАКТОР – РОЛЬ ЛИЧНОСТИ В ИСТОРИИ Драгавцев В.А. Николай Иванович Вавилов – один из 100 великих людей планеты Земля . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .64 ОВОЩНАЯ ГЕОГРАФИЯ Добруцкая Е.Г., Мусаев Ф.Б., Тареева М.М. Остров Сахалин и один из его исследователей – Зимина Татьяна Алексеевна . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .68
научно практический журнал
Pavlov L.V., Kondratieva I.Y., Paraskova O.T., Sannikova T.A., Machulkina V.A., Garyanova E.D. Tomato for marketing. Mechanized harvest (common technological process). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .39 LEAF AND SPICY FLAVOR CROPS Zemskova Y.K., Lyalina E.B., Suminova N.B. Technology elements of growing of savory and giant hyssop in the Lower Volga Region . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .41 NEW VARIETIES OF VEGETABLE CROPS Skorina V.V., Musaev F.B., Nikulshin V.P. Results of state variety trial of new varieties of winter garlic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .44 VEGETABLE PLANTS BREEDING Dobrutskaya E.G., Startsev V.I., Bondareva L.L., Antoshkina M.S. Phenotypic variation of quantitative traits of white head cabbage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .48 Grinko N.N. Screening of world germplasm collection of the N.I. Vavilov Institute of Plant Industry for cucumber genotypes tolerant to Pseudoperonospora cubensis (Berk. et Curt.) Rostow. . . . . . . .50 SEED PRODUCTION Baleev D.N., Bukharov A.F. Biology of development and seed germination of dill (Anethum graveolens L.) . . . . . . . . . .54 AGRICULTURAL MANAGEMENT Titova E.S. Economical efficiency of application of chemical crop protection agents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .60 Titova E.S. Practical implications of innovative corporate restructuring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .62 PERSONALITY TRACES IN HISTORY Dragavtsev V.A. Nicolay Ivanovich Vavilov is the one of 100 great names of history of planet. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .64 VEGETABLES GEOGRAPHY Dobrutskaya E.G., Musaev F.B., Tareeva M.M. Sakhalin island and the one of its researcher Zimina Tatiana Alekseevna . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .68
овощи россии № 1 (14) 2012
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Научно практический журнал № 1 (14) 2012 Издаётся с декабря 2008 г.
Журнал предназначен для ученых и практиков овощеводства, селекционеров, семеноводов и овощеводов любителей
VEGETABLE CROPS OF RUSSIA The journal of science and practical applications in agriculture № 1 (14) 2012
Published since 2008 The journal is recommended for scientists and practicable offers, farmers, plant breeders, amateurs in agriculture and vegetable growing. The journal founder & publisher: The State Scientific Institution All Russian Research Institute of Vegetable Breeding and Seed Production of Russian Academy of Agricultural Science (RAAS) Editor in Chief Pivovarov V.F. – Academician of RAAS, a director of All Russian Research Institute of Vegetable Breeding and Seed Production Editorial Board A.A. Zhuchenko, Academician, Russian Academy of Science (RAAS), Russian Academy of Science (RAS) I.V. Savchenko, Academician, Russian Academy of Science (RAAS), a vice president of plant growing department A.F. Agafonov, PhD, agriculture A.M. Artemeva, Principal Scientist, PhD, biology I.T. Balashova, Principal Scientist, PhD, biology N.I. Bocharnikova, Principal Scientist, PhD, agriculture V.I. Burenin, Principal Scientist, PhD, agriculture M.S. Gins, Principal Scientist, PhD, biology V.K. Gins, Principal Scientist, PhD, biology N.A. Golubkina, Principal Scientist, PhD, biology L.K. Gurkina, PhD, agriculture H.G. Dobrutskaya, Principal Scientist, PhD, agriculture A.S. Domblides, PhD, agriculture N.I. Zhukov, PhD, economy A.N. Ignatov, Principal Scientist, PhD, biology L.U. Kan, PhD, agriculture P.F. Kononkov, Principal Scientist, PhD, agriculture V.P. Kushnereva, PhD, agriculture G.D. Levko, Principal Scientist, PhD, agriculture M.I. Mamedov, Principal Scientist, PhD, agriculture A.S. Merzlikin, Principal Scientist, PhD, agriculture, economy F.B. Musaev, PhD, agriculture S.M. Nadezhkin, Principal Scientist, PhD, biology L.V. Pavlov, Principal Scientist, PhD, agriculture A.P. Primak, Principal Scientist, PhD, biology O.N. Pyshnaya, Principal Scientist, PhD, agriculture E.P. Pronina, PhD, agriculture S.M. Sirota, Principal Scientist, PhD, agriculture V.I. Startsev, Principal Scientist, PhD, agriculture T.P. Suprunova, PhD, agriculture N.I. Timin, Principal Scientist, PhD, agriculture A.A. Ushakov, PhD, agriculture V.A. Kharchenko, PhD, agriculture Yu.V. Chesnokov, Principal Scientist, PhD, biology A.N. Chuprov, Principal Scientist, PhD, economics N.A. Shmikova, Principal Scientist, PhD, agriculture Responsible Scientific Editor M.M. Tareeva, PhD, agriculture Translation A.S. Domblides, PhD, agriculture V.U. Muhortov, PhD, agriculture T.P. Suprunova, PhD, agriculture Photographing A.P. Lebedev Designer K.V. Yansitov (Original model and imposition) –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– Address of the publishing office: All Russian Research Institute of Vegetable Breeding and Seed Production (VNIISSOK), Selektsionnaya St., 14, VNIISSOK, Odintsovo region, Moscow district, 143080 Russia, Editorial and Publishing Unit E mail: vegetables.of.russia@yandex.ru; vniissok@mail.ru http://www.vniissok.ru Tel. +7(495)599 24 42, +7 (498) 309 02 27 (add.202) Recopying materials require reference to the journal to be made. Publishing staff do not bear the responsibility for information included in advertisements. Publisher reserves the right to make alterations in manuscripts in case of lack of correspondence with the issue subject and technical requirements –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– This issue is registered in Federal Service for Supervision of Media and Mass Communications of RF. The license ПИ №ФС77 33218 of the 19th September 2008 Circulation is 1000 copies научно практический журнал Учредитель и издатель журнала: Государственное научное учреждение Всероссийский научно исследовательский институт селекции и семеноводства овощных культур Российской академии сельскохозяйственных наук (ГНУ ВНИИССОК Россельхозакадемии) Главный редактор В.Ф. Пивоваров – академик Россельхозакадемии, директор ГНУ ВНИИССОК Россельхозакадемии Редакционный совет А.А. Жученко – академик РАН И.В. Савченко – академик Россельхозакадемии, вице президент Отделения растениеводства А.Ф. Агафонов – кандидат с. х. наук, ГНУ ВНИИССОК Россельхозакадемии А.М. Артемьева – кандидат с. х. наук, ГНУ ВИР Россельхозакадемии И.Т. Балашова – доктор биол. наук, ГНУ ВНИИССОК Россельхозакадемии Н.И. Бочарникова – доктор с. х. наук, Отделение растениеводства Россельхозакадемии В.И. Буренин – доктор с. х. наук, ГНУ ВИР Россельхозакадемии М.С. Гинс – доктор биол. наук, ГНУ ВНИИССОК Россельхозакадемии В.К. Гинс – доктор биол. наук, ГНУ ВНИИССОК Россельхозакадемии Н.А. Голубкина – доктор биол. наук, ГНУ ВНИИССОК Россельхозакадемии Л.К. Гуркина – кандидат с. х. наук, ГНУ ВНИИССОК Россельхозакадемии Е.Г. Добруцкая – доктор с. х. наук, ГНУ ВНИИССОК Россельхозакадемии А.С. Домблидес – кандидат с. х. наук, ГНУ ВНИИССОК Россельхозакадемии Н.И. Жуков – доктор эконом. наук, Московский НИИСХ «Немчиновка» А.Н. Игнатов – доктор биол. наук, Центр «Биоинженерия» РАН Л.Ю. Кан – кандидат с. х. наук, ГНУ ВНИИССОК Россельхозакадемии П.Ф. Кононков – доктор с. х. наук, ГНУ ВНИИССОК Россельхозакадемии В.П. Кушнерева – кандидат с. х. наук, ГНУ ВНИИССОК Россельхозакадемии Г.Д. Левко – доктор с. х. наук, ГНУ ВНИИССОК Россельхозакадемии М.И. Мамедов – доктор с. х. наук, ГНУ ВНИИССОК Россельхозакадемии А.С. Мерзликин – доктор с. х. наук, Московский НИИСХ «Немчиновка» Ф.Б. Мусаев – кандидат с. х. наук, ГНУ ВНИИССОК Россельхозакадемии С.М. Надежкин – доктор биол. наук, ГНУ ВНИИССОК Россельхозакадемии Л.В. Павлов – доктор с. х. наук, ГНУ ВНИИССОК Россельхозакадемии О.Н. Пышная – доктор с. х. наук, ГНУ ВНИИССОК Россельхозакадемии А.П. Примак – доктор биол. наук, ГНУ ВНИИССОК Россельхозакадемии Е.П. Пронина – кандидат с. х. наук, ГНУ ВНИИССОК Россельхозакадемии С.М. Сирота – доктор с. х. наук, ГНУ ВНИИССОК Россельхозакадемии В.И. Старцев – доктор с. х. наук, ГНУ ВНИИССОК Россельхозакадемии Т.П. Супрунова – кандидат с. х. наук, ГНУ ВНИИССОК Россельхозакадемии Н.И. Тимин – доктор с. х. наук, ГНУ ВНИИССОК Россельхозакадемии А.А. Ушаков – кандидат с. х. наук, ГНУ ВНИИССОК Россельхозакадемии В.А. Харченко – кандидат с. х. наук, ГНУ ВНИИССОК Россельхозакадемии Ю.В. Чесноков – доктор биол. наук, ГНУ ВИР Россельхозакадемии А.Н. Чупров – доктор эконом. наук, ГНУ ВНИИССОК Россельхозакадемии Н.А. Шмыкова – доктор с. х. наук, ГНУ ВНИИССОК Россельхозакадемии Ответственный редактор М.М. Тареева – кандидат с. х. наук, ГНУ ВНИИССОК Россельхозакадемии Перевод на английский язык А.С. Домблидес – кандидат с. х. наук, ГНУ ВНИИССОК Россельхозакадемии В.Ю. Мухортов – кандидат с. х. наук, ГНУ ВНИИССОК Россельхозакадемии Т.П. Супрунова – кандидат с. х. наук, ГНУ ВНИИССОК Россельхозакадемии Фото А.П. Лебедев Дизайн и верстка К.В. Янситов –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– Адрес редакции: 143080, Московская область, Одинцовский район, п/о Лесной городок, пос. ВНИИССОК, ул. Селекционная, д. 14, Издательство ВНИИССОК E mail: vegetables.of.russia@yandex.ru; vniissok@mail.ru http://www.vniissok.ru Тел: +7(495)599 24 42, +7(498) 309 02 27(доб.202) Факс: +7(495) 599 22 77 Подписной индекс в объединенном каталоге «Пресса России» 13168 При перепечатке материалов ссылка на журнал обязательна. Редакция журнала не несет ответственность за информацию, содержащуюся в рекламе. Редакция оставляет за собой право вносить изменения в предоставленные материалы в случае их несоответствия техническим требованиям и некорректной смысловой нагрузки. Точка зрения авторов может не совпадать с точкой зрения редакции. –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– Издание зарегистрировано в Федеральной службе по надзору в сфере связи и массовых коммуникаций. Свидетельство ПИ №ФС77 33218 от 19 сентября 2008 г. Тираж 1000 экземпляров. Подписано в печать 23.03.2012 Отпечатано в РПК «МедиаМикс» 127411, г. Москва, Дмитровское шоссе, дом 157 строение 9, офис 9108 Тел.: +7 (495) 66 505 44, www.mdmix.ru овощи россии № 1 (14) 2012
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RESUMES
ANNIVERSARY CELEBRATION Pishnaya O.N., Gurkina L.K., Naumenko T.S., Tareeva M.M. In commemoration of the 70 th anniversary of the member of the Academy of Agricultural Science – Victor Fedorovich Pivovarov State Institution, All Russian Research Institute of Vegetable Breeding and Seed Production, RAAS, Selectionnaya st. 14, 143080, P.O. Lesnoy Gorodok, Odintsovo district, Moscow region, VNIISSOK, Tel:+7(495) 599 24 42; fax: +7 (495) 599 22 77; E mail: vniissok@mail.ru On the 18th April of 2012 Pivovarov Victor Fedorovich Director of the All Russian Research Institute of Vegetable Breeding and Seed Production, Academician of Russian Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Honored Scientist of Russian Federation, State Laureate of Science and Technology, Doctor of Agricultural Science, Professor, is celebrating his 70 th Birthday and 48 years of his scientific and pedagogical activity. Dr. Pivovarov V.F. is the leading scientist in the field of ecology, introduction, horticulture, breeding and seed pro duction of vegetable crops. Dr. Pivovarov V.F. is well experienced in the field of solution of theoretical and practical problems. V.F. Pivovarov has founded the scientific school of the ecological breed ing of vegetables with the complex resistance to biotic and abiotic stresses. ANNOUCEMENTS Savchenko I.V. Scientific software of plant and vegetable growing Department of Agricultural Crop Str. Krzyzanowski, 15, kor.2 E mail: siv314@yandex.ru The paper presents the results of the Agricultural Department of RAAS and its research institutes, experimental stations, breeding, biotechnology and technology centers in 2011. Key words: gene pool, variety, hybrid, technology, culture, yield, seed crop. THEORY AND PRACTICE OF VEGETABLE PLANT BREEDING Pivovarov V.F. All Russian Research Institute of Vegetable Breeding and Seed Production – integration of science and practice State Institution, All Russian Research Institute of Vegetable Breeding and Seed Production, RAAS, Selectionnaya st. 14, 143080, P.O. Lesnoy Gorodok, Odintsovo district, Moscow region, VNIISSOK, Tel:+7(495) 599 24 42; fax: +7 (495) 599 22 77; E mail: vniissok@mail.ru The article summarizes the work undertaken in the Institute for last five years. VNIISSOK is a leader in the field of breeding and seed pro duction of vegetable crops. Staff of the Institute solve a query of pro ducers for food supply security in Russia. Keywords: breeding, seed production, vegetable produce, varieties and hybrids. Temirbekova S.K., Kulikov I.M., Ionov E.F., Kasakov O.G., Ionova N.E., Kurilo A.A. Heritage of Vavilov N.I. in modern science and practical breed ing In commemoration of the 125 th anniversary of Vavilov N.I. State Institution, All Russian Breeding Technological Institute of Horticulture and Nursery Garden 115598, Moscow, Biryulovo Zagorye, Zagorskaya street, 4. E mail: vstisp@vstisp.org The significance of world germplasm collection of vegetable crops and their wild relatives developed by Vavilov N.I. for scientific and breeding purposes are undertaken in the article. Keywords: world germplasm collection of Vavilov's All Russian Institute of Plant Industry, genetic sources, initial breeding material, cereal crops, food supply security, depletion of biodiversity, Center of conservation, maintenance and research of genetic resources. ADVANCED DIRECTIONS IN VEGETABLE PLANTS BREEDING Pivovarov V.F., Kotlyar I.P. Estimation of environment as a background for green pea breeding for adaptivity State Institution, All Russian Research Institute of Vegetable Breeding and Seed Production, RAAS, Selectionnaya st. 14, 143080, P.O. Lesnoy Gorodok, Odintsovo district, Moscow region, VNIISSOK, Tel:+7(495) 599 24 42; fax: +7 (495) 599 22 77; E mail: vniissok@mail.ru The evaluation of adaptive and producing capacity of green pea vari eties for period of four years has been done. It was found that condi tion of experimental fields of VNIISSOK can provide the possibility for associated traits of productivity, ecological adaptivity, and their com bination in the same genotype. Keywords: green pea, adaptivity, environment, selection, breeding, background. Kaygorodova I.M., Pyshnaya O.N., Pronina E.P. Promising breeding material of green pea State Institution, All Russian Research Institute of Vegetable Breeding and Seed Production, RAAS, Selectionnaya st. 14, 143080, P.O. Lesnoy Gorodok, Odintsovo district, Moscow region, VNIISSOK, Tel:+7(495) 599 24 42; fax: +7 (495) 599 22 77; E mail: vniissok@mail.ru The green pea collection consisting of 277 geographically distant samples varied in quantitative and qualitative traits was estimated. The molecular analysis of selected samples was conducted for the purpose of reciprocal crossing. Keywords: green pea collection, initial breeding material, variability, correlation, molecular analysis. научно Levko D.B. Variability of main ornamental traits of common cosmos (Cosmos bipinnatus L.) State Institution, All Russian Research Institute of Vegetable Breeding and Seed Production, RAAS, Selectionnaya st. 14, 143080, P.O. Lesnoy Gorodok, Odintsovo district, Moscow region, VNIISSOK, Tel:+7(495) 599 24 42; fax: +7 (495) 599 22 77; E mail: gennadylevko@yandex.ru Variability of seven main ornamental traits of the tall growing, multi colored cultivar «Picotee» (Cosmos bipinnatus L.) depending on type of growing (through seedlings or direct sowing) was studied. High variability of studied traits, especially such as «the diameter of bush», «the amount of shoots of the first order», and «abundance of flower ing» was determined. To achieve the uniformity of these traits, the tall growing plants with the big diameter of bush, with multiple shoots of the first order, and high seed productivity should be selected. The growing through seedlings is recommended. Keywords: common cosmos (Cosmos bipinnatus L.), multicolored population «Picotee», type of growing (through seedlings or direct sowing), phenotypic variability. STANDARTS FOR VEGETABLE PRODUCE Pivovarov V.F.1, Pavlov L.V.1, Paraskova O.T.1, Kononichina V.M.2 The role of standarts in vegetable production 1 State Institution, All Russian Research Institute of Vegetable Breeding and Seed Production, RAAS, Selectionnaya st. 14, 143080, P.O. Lesnoy Gorodok, Odintsovo dis trict, Moscow region, VNIISSOK, Tel:+7 (495) 599 24 42; fax: +7 (495) 599 22 77; E mail: vniissok@mail.ru 2 AS «Sortsemovosch», Moscow, Orlikov lane, 3 (1), app.9. Тел.: +7 (495) 607 85 91, факс: +7 (495) 607 81 60 Standard is the main normative document regulating the impor tant traits of seeds (germination ability, humidity, purity, regime of storage). This regulatory document provides the technological and economical basis for vegetable production and others fea tures of agriculture. Keywords: standard, seed germination ability, seed purity, ranks. Pavlov L.V.1, Kondratieva I.Y.1, Paraskova O.T.1, Sannikova T.A.2, Machulkina V.A. 2, Garyanova E.D. 2 Tomato for marketing. Mechanized harvest (common technolog ical process) 1 State Institution, All Russian Research Institute of Vegetable Breeding and Seed Production, RAAS, Selectionnaya st. 14, 143080, P.O. Lesnoy Gorodok, Odintsovo district, Moscow region, VNIISSOK, Tel:+7 (495) 599 24 42; fax: +7 (495) 599 22 77; E mail: vniissok@mail.ru 2 State Institution, All Russian Research Institute of Irrigated Vegetable Production and Melon Growing. 416341, Russia, Astrakhan region, Kamizyak, Lyubicha str., 16. Тел./факс +7(851145)95907. General assay requirements for technological processes at cultiva tion, mechanized harvest, sorting, storage, transporting, quality, packing, and control are determined. Keywords: tomato, mechanized harvest, requirements for techno logical processes. LEAF AND SPICY FLAVOR CROPS Zemskova Y.K., Lyalina E.B., Suminova N.B. Technology elements of growing of savory and giant hyssop in the Lower Volga Region FGBOU VPO «Saratovsky State Agrarian University n.a. N.I. Vavilov». 410012, Russia, Saratov, Teatralynaya square, 1. Tel.: +7(845 2) 27 20 70 E mails: agro plod@sgau.ru; suminovan@mail.ru The production of environmentally safe agricultural products, such as foods and raw material for perfumery, cosmetology, and pharmaco logical industry is very important today. For the first time the morpho logical and technological features of spicy flavor savory and giant hyssop were studied in the condition of Lower Volga Region. The effi ciency of the cultivation of these crops in chernozemic zone has been shown. Keywords: savory, giant hyssop, technology of growing, scheme of planting. NEW VARIETIES OF VEGETABLE CROPS Skorina V.V.1, Musaev F.B. 2, Nikulshin V.P. 2. Results of state variety trial of new varieties of winter garlic 1 RUP «Institute of Vegetable production» NAS of Belorussia, 223013, Belorussia, Minsk region, p. Samokhvalovichi, Kovaleva str., 2a. Tel.: (017) 223 37 18; 223 37 23; Fax.: (017) 221 37 11; (017) 506 62 26 E mail: belniio@mail.ru 2 State Institution, All Russian Research Institute of Vegetable Breeding and Seed Production, RAAS, Selectionnaya st. 14, 143080, P.O. Lesnoy Gorodok, Odintsovo district, Moscow region, VNIISSOK, Tel:+7 (495) 599 24 42; fax: +7 (495) 599 22 77; E mail: vniissok@mail.ru As a result of state variety trial in Belorussia the new varieties of winter garlic «elovezhskyi», «Soyuz», and «Yunior» were estimated, selected and included in the State register of new crops and varieties. Keywords: winter garlic, breeding, variety trial. VEGETABLE PLANTS BREEDING Dobrutskaya E.G., Startsev V.I., Bondareva L.L., Antoshkina M.S. Phenotypic variation of quantitative traits of white head cabbage State Institution, All Russian Research Institute of Vegetable Breeding and Seed Production, RAAS, Selectionnaya st. 14, 143080, P.O. Lesnoy Gorodok, Odintsovo district, Moscow region, VNIISSOK, Tel:+7 (495) 599 24 42; fax: +7 (495) 599 22 77; E mail: vniissok@mail.ru Analysis of varietal features of appearance of agronomic characters of white head cabbage in condition of induction of ecological variabil ity is shown in the article. The obtained results can be used for breed ing of initial material for ecological tolerance and adaptivity. Keywords: white head cabbage, variety, quantitative traits, pheno typic variation. Grinko N. N. Screening of world germplasm collection of the N.I. Vavilov Institute of Plant Industry for cucumber genotypes tolerant to Pseudoperonospora cubensis (Berk. et Curt.) Rostow. Adler Experimental Station of Vavilov All Russian Institute of Plant Industry, tel.: (8622) 40 03 34, E mail: gnuaos@yandex.ru; nina grinko@yandex.ru As a result of screening of the world germplasm collection of the N.I. Vavilov Institute of Plant Industry the cucumber genotypes as a initial breeding material for tolerance to Pseudoperonospora cubensis (Berk. et Curt.) Rostow were selected. Key words: genoresurses, cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.), disease, fungi, Pseudoperonospora cubensis (Berk. et Curt.) Rostow., stabili ty sources. SEED PRODUCTION Baleev D.N., Bukharov A.F. Biology of development and seed germination of dill (Anethum graveolens L.) State Institution, All Russian Research Institute of Vegetable Growing RAAS, 140153, Moscow region, Ramenskyi district, p.Vereya, str.500. Tel.: +7(495)558 45 22 E mail: baleev.dmitry@yandex.ru Architectonics of dill seed plant and ripeness level of seeds determine the linear sizes of embryo, exerting an influence on dormant stage, speed of embryo development, and main quality characteristics of seeds, which are responsible for their germination ability. Keywords: dill, seed germination, dormant stage, embryo, tempera ture of germination, ripeness level. AGRICULTURAL MANAGEMENT Titova E.S. Economical efficiency of application of chemical crop protec tion agents Peoples' Friendship University of Russia, Agrarian faculty, Chair of economic evaluation and earth cadastre 117198, Russia, Moscow, Miklukho Maklaya str. 6 Tel.: +7 (495) 434 5300 FAX: +7 (495) 433 1511 E mail: ekaterina_fokina@list.ru All indicators which are given in this article make us clear that pesti cides bring out a considerable economic effect because of pesticide`s special characteristics. Pesticides allow not only to save harvest and to minimize risk, but to enlarge agriculture capital productivity. Skilful and efficient pesticides application allows to cut down harvest shortage in Russian Federation, besides that, to minimize it. Keywords: economical efficiency, chemical crop protection agents Titova E.S. Practical implications of innovative corporate restructuring Peoples' Friendship University of Russia, Agrarian faculty, Chair of economic evaluation and earth cadastre 117198, Russia, Moscow, Miklukho Maklaya str. 6 Tel.: +7 (495) 434 5300 FAX: +7 (495) 433 1511 E mail: ekaterina_fokina@list The importance of scientific efforts and practical implementation of innovative researches and technologies into unstable market envi ronment are underlined in the article. This special model could improve efficiency of innovative enterprise management having spe cific targets of development and practice determinations. Keywords: innovative corporate restructuring, business processes, innovative enterprise. PERSONALITY TRACES IN HISTORY Dragavtsev V.A. Nicolay Ivanovich Vavilov is the one of 100 great names of his tory of planet On the 12th November of 2012 world scientific community of genetics, plant breeders will celebrate the 125 th birthday of N.I. Vavilov, the first scholar of the day. VEGETABLE GEOGRAPHY Dobrutskaya E.G., Musaev F.B., Tareeva M.M. Sakhalin island and the one of its researcher – Zimina Tatiana Alekseevna State Institution, All Russian Research Institute of Vegetable Breeding and Seed Production, RAAS, Selectionnaya st. 14, 143080, P.O. Lesnoy Gorodok, Odintsovo district, Moscow region, VNIISSOK, Tel:+7 (495) 599 24 42; fax: +7 (495) 599 22 77; E mail: vniissok@mail.ru Sakhalin island is one of the regions of Russia with extreme cli matic conditions. The first scientist in the field of biology, agricul ture, and agro ecology of Sakhalin region was Zimina Tatiana Alekseevna, Doctor of agricultural science. On the 26th November of 2011 the scientific community of genetics and plant breeders celebrated the 90 th birthday of Zimina T.A. The stuff of VNIISSOK cherish the memory of her as one of the talented scientist and devotee citizen. Keywords: Sakhalin island, vegetable production, historical data.
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